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Phyciodes phaon jalapeno Scott, 1998
(Phaon Crescent)

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:


 

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Distribution: NW Mexico & Baja (N), S CA, S AZ

Larval Foodplants: Verbenaceae: Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene, Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Phyciodes Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (2): 29. Type-species: Papilio cocyta Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 7, pl. 101, figs. A, B; (16): 148 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 46. The arrangement of species in this genus follows Wahlberg et al. (2003), Syst. Entomol. 28(2): 257-273.

 

Phyciodes phaon (W. H. Edwards, 1864)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(4): 501, 505-506, no. 7; figured by W. H. Edwards (1878), Butts. N. Am. 2(7): pl. Phyciodes 2, figs. 14 ♂ V, 15 ♀ V, 16 ♂ D&V, 17 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Melitaea Phaon

Type Locality: “St. Simons Island, Georgia; Northern Georgia”; neotype from “San Simon Island, Glynn Co., Georgia.”

Types: Neotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 437, fig. 26 ♂ D&V.

This taxon was figured by Hübner, [1810], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [41], figs. 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V (as gorgone).

=    ‡”hiemalis” W. H. Edwards, 1878

Butts. N. Am. 2(7): [179], pl. Phyciodes 2, figs. 14 ♂ V winter form, 15 ♀ V winter form.

Original Combination: [Phyciodes Phaon] form Hiemalis

=    ‡”aestiva” W. H. Edwards, 1878

Butts. N. Am. 2(7): [179-180], pl. Phyciodes 2, figs. 16 ♂ D&V, 17 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: [Phyciodes Phaon] form Aestiva

The two names listed above were proposed in an informal manner with no type data. F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 437, did not detail these names in his study of W. H. Edwards’ types.

=    ‡”nox” (Gunder, 1928)

Can. Entomol. 60(7): 167, pl. B, figs. 17 ♂ D, 17a ♂ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Phyciodes gorgone tr. f. nox

Type Locality: “Brownsville, Texas” [Cameron County]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

 

Phyciodes phaon jalapeno Scott, 1998

Papilio (n.s.) 10: 30, figs. 40 ♂ D (holotype), 41 ♀ D.

Original Combination: Phyciodes (Phyciodes) phaon jalapeno

Type Locality: “Mesa, Maricopa County Arizona”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

                         =    ‡”thornei” Gunder, 1934

Can. Entomol. 66(6): 130-131.

Original Combination: Phyciodes gorgone tr. f. thornei

Type Locality: “Chula Vista, San Diego Co., Calif.” [California]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

Bibliography

Bailowitz, Richard A. and James P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of southeastern Arizona. Tucson, Arizona; Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc.: ix + 342 pp., 4 pls., figs. {1991} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1944. Notes on Mexican Butterflies, IV. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 52(4): 343-360. {[19] Dec 1944} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1929. Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (continued). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 28(2): 22-32, pls. 8-17 {May-Aug, 20 Oct 1929} 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1934. Various new butterflies (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 66(6): 125-131. {30 Jun 1934} [description of  Phyciodes gorgone transition form thornei

Scott, James A. 1998. Phyciodes (Phyciodes): New discoveries, new subspecies, and convergence. Papilio (n.s.) 10: 1-42, 41 figs., 5 tables {20 Feb 1998} [description of Phyciodes (Phyciodes) phaon jalapeno

Wahlberg, Niklas, Rita Oliviera and James A. Scott. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Phyciodes butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): complex mtDNA variations and species delimittions. Systematic Entomology 28(2): 257-273, 4 figs., 2 tbls., 1 app. {Apr 2003}

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