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Phyciodes picta canace W. H. Edwards, 1871
(Painted Crescent)

Pinned Specimens
photo collection:


Live Adults photo collection
Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Larval Foodplants: Asteraceae: Symphyotrichum divaricatum (Nutt.) Nesom


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Phyciodes Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (2): 29. Type-species: Papilio cocyta Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 7, pl. 101, figs. A, B; (16): 148 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 46. The arrangement of species in this genus follows Wahlberg et al. (2003), Syst. Entomol. 28(2): 257-273.


Phyciodes picta (W. H. Edwards, 1865)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 4(1): 201, no. 1.

Original Combination: Melitaea picta

Type Locality: “Nebraska Territory”; defined as “North Platte, Lincoln County, Nebraska” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 455.

Types: Lectotype in FMNH, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 457, fig. 32 ♂ D&V.

Species-genus gender conformation is pictus.


Phyciodes picta canace W. H. Edwards, 1871

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(3/4): 205, 206-207, no. 3.

Original Combination: Phyciodes Canace

Type Locality: “Southern California”; corrected to “Arizona” by W. H. Edwards (1882), Papilio 2(2): 22; neotype from “vicinity of Tucson, Pima Co., Arizona.”

Types: Neotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 461, fig. 33 ♂ D&V.

                         =    ‡”jemezensis” Brehme, 1913

Entomol. News 24(5): 194, pl. 7, figs. 7 ♂ D, 8 ♂ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Phyciodes picta ab. jemezensis

Type Locality: “Jemez Springs, New Mexico” [Sandoval County]

Types: Location of “holotype” not known, possibly in USNM.


Brehme, Herman H. 1913. A new aberration in Phyciodes (Lepid.). Entomological News 24(5): 194, pl. 7. {May [30 Apr] 1913} [description of Phyciodes picta ab. jemezensis

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1966. The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards--Part II, Melitaeinae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 92(3): 357-468, 34 figs. {Sep, 20 Oct 1966} 

Edwards, William Henry. 1871. Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 3(3/4): 205-216. {Jan; pre-print [Feb] 1871; paper [30 Apr 1872]} [description of Phyciodes Canace

Edwards, William Henry. 1882. Descriptions of species of butterflies taken in Arizona by Jacob Doll, 1881. Papilio 2(2): 19-29. {[15] Feb 1882} 

Forbes, William Trowbridge Merrifield. 1945. The genus Phyciodes (Lepidoptera, Nymphalinae). Entomologica Americana (n.s.)24: 139-207. {Oct 1944, 24 May 1945} 

Hall, Arthur. 1928-1930. A revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the Hill Museum 2(2)(supplement 1): 1-20, pls. 1-3 {18 Jun 1928} 2(3)(supplement): 21-44 {17 Nov 1928}; 3(1)(supplement): 45-94 {30 Apr 1929}; 3(2)(supplement): 95-146 {29 Aug 1929}; 3(3)(supplement): 147-170 {30 Dec 1929}; 4(1)(supplement): 171-204 {28 Jul 1930}; 4(2)(supplement): 205-206; add. Page {29 Dec 1930} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1981. A revision of Phyciodes Hübner and related genera, with a review of the classification of the Melitaeinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 43(3): 77-243, 490 figs. {29 Oct 1981} 

Hoffmann, Carlos Christian. 1940. Catálogo systemático y zoogeográphico de los Lepidópteros Mexicanos, Primera parte. Papilionoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad Nacional de México 11(2): 639-739, 2 maps. {[after 28 Dec] 1940} 

Wahlberg, Niklas, Rita Oliviera and James A. Scott. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Phyciodes butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): complex mtDNA variations and species delimitations. Systematic Entomology 28(2): 257-273, 4 figs., 2 tbls., 1 app. {Apr 2003}

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