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Pieris o. oleracea (T. Harris, 1829)
(Mustard White)

Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Pieris Schrank, 1801

Fauna boica 2(1): 152, no. 1981; 160-170, nos. 1283-1296. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 351, 440. Robbins and Henson (1986), J. Lepid. Soc. 40(2): 79-92, discussed the various generic arrangements and concluded that Pieris [with the following synonymy] forms a monotypic genus related to Perrhybris Hübner, [1825], Itaballia Kaye, 1904, and Ganyra Billberg, 1820.

      =    ‡Pieris Latreille, 1804

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. 24(Tab.): 180, 200. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by monotypy. Preoccupied by and a junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Mancipium Hübner, [1806]

Tentamen: [1]. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by monotypy. The Tentamen was suppressed by I.C.Z.N. Opinion 97; I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 84. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Danaus Oken, 1815

Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3(Zool.)(1): 723. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Crotch (1872), Cist. Entomol. 1(4): 60. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 417 suppressed Oken’s work, making this name unavailable. Preoccupied by Danaus Kluk, 1780, Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 83, and a junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Ganoris Dalman, 1816

K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(1): 61-62, no. 8; 86-90, nos. 1-10; tablet 1, no. 8; tablet 2, no. 8. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Andropodum Hübner, 1822

Syst.-alph Verz.: 2-5, 7-9. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 199. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801. This name was spelled “Antropodum” on page 3 of the original description, representing an incorrect original spelling.

      =    ‡Tachyptera Berge, 1842

Schmetterlingsbuch: 19, 92-105. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Hemming (1934), Entomol. 67(849): 38. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

=    Artogeia Verity, 1947

Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 3: 192-193. Type-species: Papilio napi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 60, by original designation.

 

napi group Robbins and Henson, 1986

J. Lepid. Soc. 40(2): 86.

 

Pieris oleracea (T. Harris, 1829)

 

Pieris oleracea oleracea (T. Harris, 1829)

New England Farmer 7(51): 402.

Original Combination: Pontia Oleracea

Type Locality: “New Hampshire, and Massachusetts”

Types: Syntypes in MCZ.

                   =    cruciferarum Boisduval, 1836

Spec. gén. Lépid. 1: 519, no. 119.

Original Combination: Pieris Cruciferarum

Type Locality: “les provinces septentrionales des Etats-Unis”; stated to be ‘New York and New England” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 71.

Types: Holotype in BMNH; figured by Verity [1908], Rhop. palae. (17-20): pl. 32, fig. 41 ♂ D, labeled “Am. boréale.”

                   =    casta W. Kirby, 1837

In: Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Am. [4]: 288, no. 1, pl. 3, fig. 1 ♂ D.

Original Combination: Pontia Casta

Type Locality: “taken in Lat. 65o”; stated to be “Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 71.

Types: Type(s) possibly in BMNH.

                         =    ‡”hyemalis” W. H. Edwards, 1881

Papilio 1(6): 90, no. 3, 98, pl. 2, fig. 8 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: [Pieris] Oleracea hyemalis

Type Locality: “New York”; suggested to be “Hunter, Greene Co., New York” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 71.

Types: “Type(s)” probably in CMNH.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                         =    ‡”aestiva” W. H. Edwards, 1881

Papilio 1(6): 93, no. 3, 98, pl. 3, figs. 15 ♂ D&V, 16 ♀ D.

Original Combination: [Pieris Oleracea] summer brood aestiva

Type Locality: “New York”; suggested to be “Hunter, Greene Co., New York” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 71.

Types: “Type(s)” probably in CMNH.

                         =    ‡”virginiensis” W. H. Edwards, 1881

Papilio 1(6): 95-98.

Original Combination: Pieris Napi Oleracea Hyemalis aberr. virginiensis

Type Locality: “New York”; suggested to be “Hunter, Greene Co., New York” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 71.

Types: “Type(s)” probably in CMNH.

As a polynomial, this name is unavailable (Code Article 45.5).

‡”postoleracea” Eitschberger, [1984]

Herbipoliana 1(1): 263.

Original Combination: Pieris oleracea oleracea gen. aest. et gen. aut. postoleracea

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: No type(s) designated

As a quadrinomial, this name is unavailable (Code Article 45.5); it is also a nomen nudum.

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