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Pieris oleracea frigida Scudder, 1861
(Mustard White)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


 

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Pieris Schrank, 1801

Fauna boica 2(1): 152, no. 1981; 160-170, nos. 1283-1296. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 351, 440. Robbins and Henson (1986), J. Lepid. Soc. 40(2): 79-92, discussed the various generic arrangements and concluded that Pieris [with the following synonymy] forms a monotypic genus related to Perrhybris Hübner, [1825], Itaballia Kaye, 1904, and Ganyra Billberg, 1820.

      =    ‡Pieris Latreille, 1804

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. 24(Tab.): 180, 200. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by monotypy. Preoccupied by and a junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Mancipium Hübner, [1806]

Tentamen: [1]. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by monotypy. The Tentamen was suppressed by I.C.Z.N. Opinion 97; I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 84. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Danaus Oken, 1815

Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3(Zool.)(1): 723. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Crotch (1872), Cist. Entomol. 1(4): 60. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 417 suppressed Oken’s work, making this name unavailable. Preoccupied by Danaus Kluk, 1780, Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 83, and a junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Ganoris Dalman, 1816

K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(1): 61-62, no. 8; 86-90, nos. 1-10; tablet 1, no. 8; tablet 2, no. 8. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Andropodum Hübner, 1822

Syst.-alph Verz.: 2-5, 7-9. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 199. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801. This name was spelled “Antropodum” on page 3 of the original description, representing an incorrect original spelling.

      =    ‡Tachyptera Berge, 1842

Schmetterlingsbuch: 19, 92-105. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Hemming (1934), Entomol. 67(849): 38. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

=    Artogeia Verity, 1947

Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 3: 192-193. Type-species: Papilio napi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 60, by original designation.

 

napi group Robbins and Henson, 1986

J. Lepid. Soc. 40(2): 86.

 

Pieris oleracea (T. Harris, 1829)

New England Farmer 7(51): 402.

Original Combination: Pontia Oleracea

Type Locality: “New Hampshire, and Massachusetts”

Types: Syntypes in MCZ.

=    cruciferarum Boisduval, 1836

Spec. gén. Lépid. 1: 519, no. 119.

Original Combination: Pieris Cruciferarum

Type Locality: “les provinces septentrionales des Etats-Unis”; stated to be ‘New York and New England” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 71.

Types: Holotype in BMNH; figured by Verity [1908], Rhop. palae. (17-20): pl. 32, fig. 41 ♂ D, labeled “Am. boréale.”

=    casta W. Kirby, 1837

In: Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Am. [4]: 288, no. 1, pl. 3, fig. 1 ♂ D.

Original Combination: Pontia Casta

Type Locality: “taken in Lat. 65o”; stated to be “Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 71.

Types: Type(s) possibly in BMNH.

=    ‡”hyemalis” W. H. Edwards, 1881

Papilio 1(6): 90, no. 3, 98, pl. 2, fig. 8 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: [Pieris] Oleracea hyemalis

Type Locality: “New York”; suggested to be “Hunter, Greene Co., New York” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 71.

Types: “Type(s)” probably in CMNH.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

=    ‡”aestiva” W. H. Edwards, 1881

Papilio 1(6): 93, no. 3, 98, pl. 3, figs. 15 ♂ D&V, 16 ♀ D.

Original Combination: [Pieris Oleracea] summer brood aestiva

Type Locality: “New York”; suggested to be “Hunter, Greene Co., New York” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 71.

Types: “Type(s)” probably in CMNH.

=    ‡”virginiensis” W. H. Edwards, 1881

Papilio 1(6): 95-98.

Original Combination: Pieris Napi Oleracea Hyemalis aberr. virginiensis

Type Locality: “New York”; suggested to be “Hunter, Greene Co., New York” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 71.

Types: “Type(s)” probably in CMNH.

As a polynomial, this name is unavailable (Code Article 45.5).

‡”postoleracea” Eitschberger, [1984]

Herbipoliana 1(1): 263.

Original Combination: Pieris oleracea oleracea gen. aest. et gen. aut. postoleracea

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: No type(s) designated

As a quadrinomial, this name is unavailable (Code Article 45.5); it is also a nomen nudum.

 

Pieris oleracea frigida Scudder, 1861

Proc. Boston Nat. Hist. Soc. 8: 181-182.

Original Combination: Pieris frigida

Type Locality: “Caribou Island, Straits of Belle Isle”; lectotype from “Labrador.” [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Lectotype (#16596) in MCZ, designated by Eitschberger [1984], Herbipoliana 1(1): 264-265, pl. 485, fig. 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

                   =    borealis (Grote, 1873)

Bull. Buff. Nat. Hist. Soc. 1(4): 185.

Original Combination: Ganoris oleracea var. borealis

Type Locality: “Island of Anticosti, which lies in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, between latitudes 49o and 50o” implied from the introduction. [Quebec]

Types: Location of type(s) not known, possibly in USNM.

                   =    acadica W. H. Edwards, 1881

Papilio 1(6): 86-87, no. 1, 98, no. 1 of no. 3, 99, pl. 3, figs. 10 ♂ D&V, 11♀ D&V.

Original Combination: [Pieris Bryoniae] Acadica

Type Locality: “Southern Newfoundland”; defined as “base of Avalon Peninsula” by F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): 104. [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): 105, fig. 26 ♂ D&V.

                   =    ekisi Eitschberger, [1984]

Herbipoliana 1(1): 272, 1(2): pl. 493, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V (holotype); 3-10 ♂&♀, D&V.

Original Combination: Pieris oleracea ekisi

Type Locality: “Ferryland, dem östlichen Punkt der Insel Neufundlands” [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Holotype (#11883) in CMNH.

                         =    ‡”pseudoleracea” Verity, [1908]

Rhop. Palaearctica: 146 [31 Jan 1908]; pl. 32, fig. 38 ♂ V [30 Nov 1908]; ind. syst.: xxviii [31 Oct 1911].

Original Combination: [Pieris napi] var. frigida forme pseudoleracea

Type Locality: “Labrador” implied from the legend to plate 32. [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

As a quadrinomial, this name is unavailable (Code Article 45.5).

‡”vivida” Verity, [1911]

Rhop. Palaearctica: 334; ind. syst.: xxviii.

Original Combination: [Pieris napi] var. frigida [forme] vivida

Type Locality: Not stated; “Labrador” implied from the text.

Types: Location of ”type(s)” not known.

This name was proposed without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

‡”anteacadica” Eitschberger, [1984]

Herbipoliana 1(1): 336.

Original Combination: Pieris acadica acadica gen. vern. anteacadica

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: No type(s) designated.

As a quadrinomial, this name is unavailable (Code Article 45.5); it is also a nomen nudum.

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