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Pieris r. rapae (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Cabbage White)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Historic Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

widespread across N America to C Mexico, Hawaii; introduced

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Pieris Schrank, 1801

Fauna boica 2(1): 152, no. 1981; 160-170, nos. 1283-1296. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 351, 440. Robbins and Henson (1986), J. Lepid. Soc. 40(2): 79-92, discussed the various generic arrangements and concluded that Pieris [with the following synonymy] forms a monotypic genus related to Perrhybris Hübner, [1825], Itaballia Kaye, 1904, and Ganyra Billberg, 1820.

      =    ‡Pieris Latreille, 1804

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. 24(Tab.): 180, 200. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by monotypy. Preoccupied by and a junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Mancipium Hübner, [1806]

Tentamen: [1]. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by monotypy. The Tentamen was suppressed by I.C.Z.N. Opinion 97; I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 84. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Danaus Oken, 1815

Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3(Zool.)(1): 723. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Crotch (1872), Cist. Entomol. 1(4): 60. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 417 suppressed Oken’s work, making this name unavailable. Preoccupied by Danaus Kluk, 1780, Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 83, and a junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Ganoris Dalman, 1816

K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(1): 61-62, no. 8; 86-90, nos. 1-10; tablet 1, no. 8; tablet 2, no. 8. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Andropodum Hübner, 1822

Syst.-alph Verz.: 2-5, 7-9. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 199. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801. This name was spelled “Antropodum” on page 3 of the original description, representing an incorrect original spelling.

      =    ‡Tachyptera Berge, 1842

Schmetterlingsbuch: 19, 92-105. Type-species: Papilio brassicae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467-468, no. 58, by designation of Hemming (1934), Entomol. 67(849): 38. A junior objective synonym of Pieris Schrank, 1801.

=    Artogeia Verity, 1947

Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 3: 192-193. Type-species: Papilio napi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 60, by original designation.

 

Pieris rapae (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

Pieris rapae rapae (Linnaeus, 1758)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 59; cited Linnaeus (1746) Fauna Svecica: 243, no. 798, and many other works.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. D[anaus candidus] Rapae

Type Locality: Not stated; defined as “Sweden” by Verity (1947), Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 3: 232, based on the reference to Fauna Svecica.

Types: Lectotype in LSUK, designated by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 377.

Most of the Palaearctic synonymy is not included.

                   =    metra (Stephens, 1827)

Illustr. Brit. Entomol., Haustellata 1: 19-20 (1827); 146-147 (1828).

Original Combination: Pontia Metra

Type Locality: “at Hertford...at Ripley” [England]

Types: Probably no type(s) designated.

                   =    minor (Costa, [1836])

Fauna Regno Napoli: [32], [311], pl. (Lepid. Diurn) 3, figs. 3, 4.

Original Combination: Pontia Rapae var. Minor

Type Locality: “Napoli” [Italy]

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

                   =    immaculata de Selys-Longchamps, 1857

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 1: 5, no. 5.

Original Combination: [Pieris Rapae] Var. Immaculata

Type Locality: “Belgique” implied from the title of the paper.

Types: Syntypes possibly in Fologne collection.

                   =    yreka Reakirt, 1866

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 18(3): 238, no. 1.

Original Combination: Pieris yreka

Type Locality: “California”; L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. 2: 72, suggested that the syntype was a French specimen supplied by Lorquin with a false label.

Types: Syntype(s) in FMNH; figured by Strecker (1874), Lepid. Rhop. Het. (8): pl. 8, figs. 6 ♂ D, 7 ♂ D&V.

If the label data on the syntype are correct, then this species may have been introduced to North America on more than one occasion.

                   =    novangliae (Scudder, 1872)

Can. Entomol. 4(4): 79; figured by Scudder (1889), Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 3(8): pl. 7, fig. 11 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: [Ganoris rapae] variety novangliae

Type Locality: “Shelbourne [sic!], N. H....Waterville, Me.” [Shelburne, Coos County, New Hampshire, and Kennebec County, Maine]

Types: A supposed “syntype” (#16600) from “Shelburne, N. H.” in MCZ.

                         =    ‡ immaculata Cockerell, 1889

Entomol. 22(311): 99; cited Newman [1871], Brit. Butts.: 161.

Original Combination: Pieris rapae immaculata

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

Preoccupied by Pieris rapae immaculata de Selys-Longchamps, 1857, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 1: 5, no. 5.

                         =    ‡”immaculata” Skinner & E. Aaron, 1889

Can. Entomol. 21(7): 128-129.

OriginalCombination: Pieris rapae, var. immaculata

Type Locality: “vicinity of Philadelphia” [Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania]

Types: “Holotype” (#902) in CMNH.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                         =    ‡”aestivus” Verity, 1913

J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 32(215): 177-178.

Original Combination: [Pieris rapae summer brood] aestivus

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: No types designated.

Probably a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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