Main Introduction Page Electronic Reference Library Know-how Glossary of acronyms and other terms used on this website A Catalog of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada Illustrated Checklist of Neotropical Butterflies Support the Butterflies of America Foundation Interactive Listing of American Butterflies Photographer Credits Learn about contributing your photos Citation for this website Contact us
Papilionidae (Swallowtails)Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)Lycaenidae (Gossamerwings)Riodinidae (Metalmarks)Nymphalidae (Brushfoots)Hesperiidae (Skippers)Links to external lepidoptera websites

Plebejus glandon manitoba Lamas, 2008
(Arctic Blue)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

[= lacustris]


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Plebejus Kluk, 1780

Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 89-92, no. 148. Type-species: Papilio argus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 483, no. 152, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 224. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed Plebejus on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 705. This name has been spelled various ways; the spelling given in the Official List is the proper spelling by rule (Code Article 79.4.1). Bálint et al. (2001), Folia Entomol. Hung. 62: 177-184, discussed this issue.


Plebejus glandon (de Prunner, 1798)

Lepid. Pedemont: 76, no.159.

Original Combination: Pl[ebejus]. R[uralis] Pap[ilio]. Glandon

Type Locality: “In montibus”; “Col du Glandon” suggested from the derivation of the name. [Dauphiné Alps, France]

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

I.C.Z.N. Opinion 270 placed this name on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology as name no. 91.

In the last half century the names glandon, aquilo, franklinii and rustica have all been applied at the species-level to some or all populations of this complex in North America (e.g., L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 127, Ferris (1989), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (3): 35, Opler (1992), Field Guide E. Butts.: 137, (1999), Field Guide W. Butts.: 246). It is unclear whether or not the name aquilo should be applied to the North American fauna. Until a lectotype or neotype for aquilo is designated, this issue will remain problematic. Nekrutenko (1974), J. Lepid. Soc. 28(3): 281, fig. 1, showed that there are no consistent genitalic characteristics by which glandon and aquilo may be separated. Yakovlev and Churkin (2003), Helios 4: 148-152, and Churkin (2005), Helios 5: 3-38, discussed the use of the name glandon for all of these populations. Since no thorough analysis of North American populations has yet been presented, the following arrangement is tentative.


Plebejus glandon manitoba Lamas, 2008

Zootaxa 1848: 49, no. 9.

Original Combination: Plebejus glandon manitoba

Proposed as a replacement name for Plebeius aquilo var. lacustris T. Freeman, 1939, preoccupied, with the same data (Code Article 60.3).

                         =    ‡lacustris T. Freeman, 1939

Can. Entomol. 71(8): 180.

Original Combination: Plebeius aquilo var. lacustris

Type Locality: “Norway House, Manitoba”

Types: Holotype (#4521) in CNC.

Preoccupied by Lycaeides idas lacustris Beuret,1938, Entomol. Rundsch. 55(58): 683, now in the genus Plebejus.



Top of PageMain PageReference LibraryLiterature ListCitationInteractive Listing

This website is supported by Butterflies of America Foundation, a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) public charity.