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Poladryas arachne monache (J. A. Comstock, 1918)
(Arachne Checkerspot)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Scrophulariaceae: Penstemon Schmidel


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Poladryas Bauer, 1961

In: P. Ehrlich and A. Ehrlich, How Know Butts.: 109, 130. Type-species: Melitaea pola Boisduval, 1869, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 56, no. 44, by original designation. Bauer misidentified Melitaea arachne W. H. Edwards, 1869, Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 2(4): 372, as pola, as determined by F. Brown (1965), J. Lepid. Soc. 19(4): 206-207, fig. 2, and J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32, figs. 243 ♂ D, 244 ♂ V. This is a case of a misidentified type species. The type-species is Melitaea arachne W. H. Edwards, 1869, as designated by Pelham (2008), J. Res. Lepid. 40: 370 (under Code Article 70.3).


Poladryas arachne arachne (W. H. Edwards, 1869)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 2(4): 372.

Original Combination: Melitaea Arachne

Type Locality: “Colorado”; defined as “vicinity of Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 411.

Types: Holotype in FMNH, figured by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 412, fig. 19 ♂ D&V.

=    ‡”gunderiae” (W. Holland, 1930)

Ann. Carnegie Mus. 19(3): 156; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 58, fig. 10 ♀ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea arachne ab. gunderiae

Type Locality: Not stated; suggested to be “Colorado” by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): 128.

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH.


Poladryas arachne monache (J. A. Comstock, 1918)

Lepidopterist 2(9/10): 71-73; (11) figs. 1 ♀ D, 2 ♀ D, 3 ♀ V; figured by Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 38, figs. 11 ♀ D, 12 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Melitaea monache

Type Locality: “8500 to 9000 feet elevation, in the Monache Meadows of Tulare County, California”

Types: Syntypes in LACM.


Comstock, John Adams. 1918. Notes on the Pola-Minuta group of Melitaeas, with description of a new species. Lepidopterist 2(7): 55. {25 Jul 1918}; (9/10): 70-73; 1 pl.; (11) figs. 1, 2, 3 {25 Oct 1918} [description of Melitaea monache

Comstock, John Adams. 1927. Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California embracing all of the 477 species and varieties at present recorded from the state. Author, Los Angeles, California. 334 pp., 63 pls. {1927} 

Davenport, Kenneth E. 2004a. A concise update of the information provided in The Butterflies of southern California (1973) by Thomas C. Emmel and John F. Emmel. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 4(7): 1-23 {10 May 2004} 

Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne and John F. Emmel. 1973b. The butterflies of southern California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 26: xi + 148 pp., 10 pls., 77 figs. {30 Nov 1973}

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