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Poladryas arachne nympha (W. H. Edwards, 1884)
(Arachne Checkerspot)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Aberrations photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Scrophulariaceae: Penstemon Schmidel 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Poladryas Bauer, 1961

In: P. Ehrlich and A. Ehrlich, How Know Butts.: 109, 130. Type-species: Melitaea pola Boisduval, 1869, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 56, no. 44, by original designation. Bauer misidentified Melitaea arachne W. H. Edwards, 1869, Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 2(4): 372, as pola, as determined by F. Brown (1965), J. Lepid. Soc. 19(4): 206-207, fig. 2, and J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32, figs. 243 ♂ D, 244 ♂ V. This is a case of a misidentified type species. The type-species is Melitaea arachne W. H. Edwards, 1869, as designated by Pelham (2008), J. Res. Lepid. 40: 370 (under Code Article 70.3).

 

Poladryas arachne (W. H. Edwards, 1869)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 2(4): 372.

Original Combination: Melitaea Arachne

Type Locality: “Colorado”; defined as “vicinity of Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 411.

Types: Holotype in FMNH, figured by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 412, fig. 19 ♂ D&V.

=    ‡”gunderiae” (W. Holland, 1930)

Ann. Carnegie Mus. 19(3): 156; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 58, fig. 10 ♀ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea arachne ab. gunderiae

Type Locality: Not stated; suggested to be “Colorado” by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): 128.

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH.

 

Poladryas arachne nympha (W. H. Edwards, 1884)

Papilio 4(3): 53-54.

Original Combination: Melitaea Nympha

Type Locality: “southern Arizona”; defined as “vicinity of Fort Grant, Graham County, Arizona” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 418.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 419, fig. 21 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1898), Butt. Book: pl. 16, fig. 21 ♂ D.

Austin (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (46): 576, determined this arrangement.

                         =    ‡”skinneri” (Oberthür, 1923)

Étud. Lépid. Comp. 20: 303, pl. 564, fig. 4859 ♂ D&V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea Arachne Aberr. Skinneri

Type Locality: “Fort Wingate” [McKinley County, New Mexico]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

                         =    ‡”polingi” (Gunder, 1926)

Entomol. News 37(1): 2-3, no. 2, pl. 1, fig. 2 ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea pola var. arachne ab. ♂ polingi

Type Locality: “White Mts., Arizona”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

Bibliography

Austin, George T. 1998. 46. New subspecies of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera) from Nevada and Arizona. Pp. 573-586, 28 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press; {[18] Dec 1998} 

Bailowitz, Richard A. and James P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of southeastern Arizona. Tucson, Arizona; Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc.: ix + 342 pp., 4 pls., figs. {1991} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1966. The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards--Part II, Melitaeinae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 92(3): 357-468, 34 figs. {Sep, 20 Oct 1966} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1918. Notes on the Pola-Minuta group of Melitaeas, with description of a new species. Lepidopterist 2(7): 55. {25 Jul 1918}; (9/10): 70-73; 1 pl.; (11) figs. 1, 2, 3 {25 Oct 1918} 

Edwards, William Henry. 1884. Descriptions of new species of butterflies from Arizona. Papilio 4(3): 53-58. {[27] Mar 1884; cited in Papilio 4(4): 82} [description of Melitaea Nympha

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1926. Several new aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera). Entomological News 37(1): 1-9, pl. 1. {[7] Jan 1926} [description of Melitaea pola var. arachne ab. ♂ polingi

Hoffmann, Carlos Christian. 1940. Catálogo systemático y zoogeográphico de los Lepidópteros Mexicanos, Primera parte. Papilionoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad Nacional de México 11(2): 639-739, 2 maps. {[after 28 Dec] 1940} 

Holland, William Jacob. 1931. The butterfly book. New and thoroughly revised edition.  A popular and scientific manual, describing and depicting all the butterflies of the United States and Canada. Garden City, New York; Doubleday, Doran & Co.  xii + 424 pp., 77 pls., 198 + [1] text figures. {1931}

Maza, Roberto F. de la. 1987. Mariposas Mexicanas. Guía para su colecta y determinación. México; Fondo de Cultura Económica: 304 pp., 67 pls., 58 figs. {Oct 1987} [Ed. 2 1991] 

Oberthür, Charles. 1923. Explication des planches. Études de Lépidopterologie comparée 20: 301-304, pls. 562-564 {Jun 1923} [description of Melitaea Arachne Aberr. Skinneri

Seitz, Adalbert. 1913. 3. Gattung Melitaea. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(182): 429-432; (187): 433-434; pl. 88 {1913}

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