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Polyommatus icarus (Rottemburg, 1775)
(Common Blue)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


 

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Introduced to SE Canada

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Polyommatus Latreille, 1804

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. 24(tab.): 185, no. 474, 200. Type-species: Papilio icarus Rottemburg, 1775, Naturforscher 6: 31, by designation of I.C.Z.N. Opinion 175 as a misidentified type-species (Article 70.3). I.C.Z.N. Opinion 270 placed Polyommatus on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 689.

 

Polyommatus icarus (Rottemburg, 1775)

 

Polyommatus icarus icarus (Rottemburg, 1775)

Naturforscher 6: 21-22, no. 8; cited Rösel von Rosenhof (1761), Der monat. Insect.-Belustig. 3: pl. 37, figs. 3 ♂ D, 5 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Icarus

Type Locality: “Berlin” [Sachsen, Germany]

Types: Location of types not known.

Most of the Palaearctic synonymy is not included.

Reported from Canada by P. Hall (2007), News Lepid. Soc. 49(4):111, 117.

                         =    ‡alexis (Scopoli, 1763)

Entomol. Carn.: 179-180, no. 461.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. Alexis

Type Locality: “in sylvestribus”

Types: Location of types not known.

Preoccupied by Papilio alexis Poda, 1761, Mus. Graec.: 77, no. 47.

                         =    ‡thetis (Esper, 1777)

Die Schmett. 1(1)(6): pl. 32, fig. 2 ♂ D&V; 1(1)(9): 332.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus]. R[uralis]. Thetis

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of types not known.

Preoccupied by Papilio thetis Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 16, index, pl. 9, figs. 3, 4.

                   =    pampholyge (Bergsträsser, 1779)

Nom. Ins. 2: 77, pl. 47, figs. 1 ♀ D, 2 ♀ V.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus]. R[uralis]. Pampholyge

Type Locality: Not stated; “Hanau-Münzenburg” implied from the title of the work. [Hesse, Germany]

Types: Location of types not known.

                   =    candybus (Bergsträsser, 1779)

Nom. Ins. 2: 78, pl. 48, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus]. R[uralis]. Candybus

Type Locality: Not stated; “Hanau-Münzenburg” implied from the title of the work. [Hesse, Germany]

Types: Location of types not known.

                   =    candiope (Bergsträsser, 1779)

Nom. Ins. 2: 78-79, pl. 48, figs. 3 ♂ D, 4 ♂ V.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus]. R[uralis]. Candiope

Type Locality: Not stated; “Hanau-Münzenburg” implied from the title of the work. [Hesse, Germany]

Types: Location of types not known.

                   =    candaon (Bergsträsser, 1779)

Icon Pap. 1: 5-6, pl. 6, figs. 3 ♂ D, 4 ♂ V.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus]. R[uralis]. Candaon

Type Locality: “Hanoicus”

Types: Location of types not known.

                   =    oceanus (Bergsträsser, 1779)

Icon Pap. 1: 7, pl. 9, figs. 3 ♂ D, 4 ♂ V.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus]. R[uralis]. Oceanus

Type Locality: “Hanoicus”

Types: Location of types not known.

                   =    polyphemus (Esper, 1779)

Die Schmett. 1(1)(9): 387-388, pl. 50, 2 ♂ D, 3 ♂ V.

Original Combination: P[apilio Pl[ebejus]. Rur[alis]. Polyphemus

Type Locality: “waldichten Orten”

Types: Location of types not known.

                   =    fusciolus (Geoffroy, 1785)

In: Fourcroy, Entomol. Paris 2: Ent. Paris.: 245, no. 32.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. fusciolus

Type Locality: Not stated; “Parisiensis” implied from the title of the work.

Types: Location of types not known.

                   =    icarinus (Scharfenberg, 1791)

Scriba, Journ. Ent. 1: 216.

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Icarinus

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of types not known.

                   =    oebalus (Hofmannsegg, 1804)

Mag. f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 3: 185; cited Scopoli (1763), Entomol. Carn.: 179-180, no. 461.

Original Combination: [Papilio] Oebalus

                         Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio alexis Scopoli, 1763, preoccupied, with the same data (Code Article 60.3).

                   =    iphis Meigen, 1830

Syst. Beschr. Eur. Schmett. 2: 25-26, no. 32, pl. 47, fig. 5 ♂ D.

Original Combination: Polyommatus Iphis

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of types not known.

                   =    pusillus (Gerhard, 1851)

Vers. monogr. Europ. Schmett. (1): 15, no. 73, pl. 28, fig. 3 a ♂ D. 3b ♀ D, 3 c ♀ V.

Original Combination: Lycaena Alexis var. Pusillus

Type Locality: “Deutschland”

Types: Location of types not known.

Bibliography

 

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