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Pontia occidentalis nelsoni (W. H. Edwards, 1883)
(Western White)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


 

Live Adults photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Alaska

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Pontia [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 283, no. 23. Type-species: Papilio daplidice Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 62, by designation of J. Curtis (1824), Brit. Entomol. 1(12): pl. 48, [1]. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 704.

      =    ‡Mancipium Hübner, [1807]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [141]. Type-species: Mancipium hellica Hübner, [1807], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [141], figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, by monotypy (= Papilio helice Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 760, no. 78, incorrect subsequent spelling). I.C.Z.N. Opinion 137 suppressed this name; I.C.Z.N. Direction 4 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 214.

      =    ‡Pontia [Illiger], 1807

Allg. Lit.-Zeit. 2(303): 1180. Type-species: Papilio helice Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 760, no. 78, by monotypy. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 232 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic names in Zoology as name no. 46.

=    Synchloe Hübner, 1818

Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26, no. 76. Type-species: Papilio callidice Hübner, [1800], Samml. europ. Schmett. 1: pl. Pap. 81, figs. 408, 409; 63. no. 5, pl. 108, figs. 551, 552, by designation of Butler (1870), Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 51.

      =    ‡Mancipium Stephens, 1827

Ill. Brit. Entomol., Haustellata 1: 22. Type-species: Papilio daplidice Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 62, by designation of Koçak (1982), Priamus 1(4): 155. Preoccupied by Mancipium Hübner, [1807], and a junior objective synonym of Pontia [Fabricius], 1807.

      =    ‡Parapieris de Nicéville, 1897

J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. II 66(3): 563. Type-species: Papilio callidice Hübner, [1800], Samml. europ. Schmett.: pl. Pap. 81, figs. 408, 409; 63, no. 5, pl. 108, figs. 551, 552, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Synchloe Hübner, [1818].

      =    ‡Leucochloe Röber, 1907

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 1(12): 49. Type-species: Papilio daplidice Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 62, by designation of Klots (1933), Entomol. Am. (n.s.) 12(4): 212. A junior objective synonym of Pontia [Fabricius], 1807.

=    Pontieuchloia Verity, 1929

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 98(3): 347. Type-species: Papilio chloridice Hübner, [1813], Samml. europ. Schmett. 1: pl. Pap. 141, figs. 712-715, by monotypy.

 

Pontia occidentalis (Reakirt, 1866)

Shapiro (1976), J. Lepid. Soc. 30(4): 289-300, demonstrated species-level distinction between P. occidentalis and P. protodice.

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 6(1): 133-134.

Original Combination: Pieris Occidentalis

Type Locality: “Rocky Mountains, Colorado Territory; California”; defined as “vic. Empire Creek, Clear Creek Co., Colorado” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 70-71.

Types: Syntypes in FMNH.

=    calyce (W. H. Edwards, 1870)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(2): 189, no. 1.

Original Combination: Pieris Calyce

Type Locality: “Nevada”; defined as “vicinity of Virginia City, Nevada” by F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): 108. [Storey County]

Types: Holotype in CMNH; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 67, fig. 26 ♂ D, and F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): fig. 27 ♂ D&V.

 

Pontia occidentalis nelsoni (W. H. Edwards, 1883)

Butts. N. Am. 2(11): [71]-[72], pl. Pieris 1, figs. 6 ♂ D, 7 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Pieris Nelsoni

Type Locality: “St. Michael's Alaska”

Types: Holotype in CMNH; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 67, fig. 29 ♂ D, and F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): fig. 28 ♂ D&V.

Chew and Watt (2006), Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 88(3): 423, 425, suggested that nelsoni may be a species-level taxon.

Bibliography

 

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