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Pontia protodice (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830])
(Checkered White)

Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

widespread across N America to S Mexico; Cuba. Vagrant N

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Pontia [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 283, no. 23. Type-species: Papilio daplidice Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 62, by designation of J. Curtis (1824), Brit. Entomol. 1(12): pl. 48, [1]. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 704.

      =    ‡Mancipium Hübner, [1807]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [141]. Type-species: Mancipium hellica Hübner, [1807], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [141], figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, by monotypy (= Papilio helice Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 760, no. 78, incorrect subsequent spelling). I.C.Z.N. Opinion 137 suppressed this name; I.C.Z.N. Direction 4 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 214.

      =    ‡Pontia [Illiger], 1807

Allg. Lit.-Zeit. 2(303): 1180. Type-species: Papilio helice Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 760, no. 78, by monotypy. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 232 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic names in Zoology as name no. 46.

=    Synchloe Hübner, 1818

Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26, no. 76. Type-species: Papilio callidice Hübner, [1800], Samml. europ. Schmett. 1: pl. Pap. 81, figs. 408, 409; 63. no. 5, pl. 108, figs. 551, 552, by designation of Butler (1870), Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 51.

      =    ‡Mancipium Stephens, 1827

Ill. Brit. Entomol., Haustellata 1: 22. Type-species: Papilio daplidice Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 62, by designation of Koçak (1982), Priamus 1(4): 155. Preoccupied by Mancipium Hübner, [1807], and a junior objective synonym of Pontia [Fabricius], 1807.

      =    ‡Parapieris de Nicéville, 1897

J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. II 66(3): 563. Type-species: Papilio callidice Hübner, [1800], Samml. europ. Schmett.: pl. Pap. 81, figs. 408, 409; 63, no. 5, pl. 108, figs. 551, 552, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Synchloe Hübner, [1818].

      =    ‡Leucochloe Röber, 1907

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 1(12): 49. Type-species: Papilio daplidice Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 62, by designation of Klots (1933), Entomol. Am. (n.s.) 12(4): 212. A junior objective synonym of Pontia [Fabricius], 1807.

=    Pontieuchloia Verity, 1929

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 98(3): 347. Type-species: Papilio chloridice Hübner, [1813], Samml. europ. Schmett. 1: pl. Pap. 141, figs. 712-715, by monotypy.

 

Pontia protodice (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830])

Hist. Lépid. Amér. sept. 1(5): 45-46, (6): pl. 17, figs. 1 ♀ D, 2 ♂ D, 3 ♀ V.

Original Combination: P[ieris]. Protodice

Type Locality: “aux environs de New-York...dans le Connecticut”; suggested to be “New York” by Calhoun (2004), J. Lepid. Soc. 58(3): 155.

Types: A “type” supposedly in USNM, but Calhoun (2004), J. Lepid. Soc. 58(3): 156, discussed the dubious nature of such Boisduval “types.”

            =    nasturtii (W. H. Edwards, 1864)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(4): 501, no. 1.

Original Combination: Pieris Nasturtii Boisduval, in lit.

Type Locality: “San Francisco” [San Francisco County, California]

Types: Type(s) lost.

            =    vernalis (W. H. Edwards, 1864)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(4): 501-502, no. 2; figured by W. H. Edwards (1871), Butts. N. Am. [1](8): pl. Pieris 2, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Pieris Vernalis

Type Locality: “Red Bank, New Jersey...the Rocky Mountains”

Types: Type(s) lost.

Bibliography

 

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