Main Introduction Page Electronic Reference Library Know-how Glossary of acronyms and other terms used on this website A Catalog of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada Illustrated Checklist of Neotropical Butterflies Support the Butterflies of America Foundation Interactive Listing of American Butterflies Photographer Credits Learn about contributing your photos Citation for this website Contact us
Papilionidae (Swallowtails)Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)Lycaenidae (Gossamerwings)Riodinidae (Metalmarks)Nymphalidae (Brushfoots)Hesperiidae (Skippers)Links to external lepidoptera websites
Loading

Pyrgus ruralis lagunae Scott, 1981
(Two-banded Checkered-Skipper)

Type Specimens
photo collection Page 1:


 

Type Specimens
photo collection Page 2:

Pinned Specimen
s photo collection:

Live Adults
photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats
photo collection:

Type Locality
photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Laguna Mts., San Diego Co., CA

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Pyrgus Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 109. Type-species: Papilio alveolus Hübner, [1803], Samml. europ. Schmett. 1: pl. 92, figs. 466, 467 (= Papilio malvae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 167; synonym), by designation of Westwood [1841], in: Brit. Butts. Transf. (ed. 1): 123. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 706. As a result of the erroneous type-species designation of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793, by Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 187-189, most of what is now known as Pyrgus was previously called Hesperia. The action of Plötz (1879), Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 40(4-6): 179, of citing malvae as the type-species of Carcharodus Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 110, further confused the issue surrounding the identity of Pyrgus. The situation was explained by Hemming (1967), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. Suppl. 9: 94-95. Carcharodus does not occur in the Nearctic.

      =    ‡Urbanus Hübner, [1806]

Tentamen: [1]. Type-species: Papilio malvae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 167, by monotypy. The Tentamen was suppressed by I.C.Z.N. Opinion 97. Opinion 278 placed Urbanus Hübner [1806] on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 86.

=    Syrichtus Boisduval, [1834]

Icon. Hist. Lépid. Europ. 1(23): 230. Type-species: Papilio malvae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 167, by designation of Blanchard (1845), Hist. Ins. 2: 348.

=    Scelotrix Rambur, 1858

Cat. Syst. Lépid. Andal.: 63. Type-species: Papilio carthami Hübner, [1813], Samml. europ. Schmett. 1: pl. 143, figs. 726 [actually 720], 723 [not figs. 721-722] (= Papilio fritillarius Poda, 1761, Ins. Mus. graec.: 79, no. 53, as defined by the specimen on pl. 10, fig. 7; synonym), by designation of E. Watson (1893), Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1893(1): 64.

      =    ‡Bremeria Tutt, 1906

Nat. Hist. Brit. Butts. 1(10/11): 296. Type-species: Syrichtus bieti Oberthür, 1886, Étud. Entomol. 11: 26, pl. 6, fig. 50, by designation of Lindsey (1921), Bull. Labs. Nat. Hist. St. Univ. Iowa 9(4): 37. Preoccupied by Bremeria Alpheraky, 1892, in: Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 6: 7, and Bremeria Moore, 1896, Lepid. Ind. 3(25): 9.

      =    ‡Teleomorpha B. Warren, 1926

Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 74(1): 18, 46, pl. 10, fig. 7. Type-species: Papilio carthami Hübner, [1813], Samml. europ. Schmett.: pl. Pap. 143, figs. 726 [actually 720] ♂, 723 ♂ [not figs. 721-722] (= Papilio fritillarius Poda, 1761, Ins. Mus. graec.: 79, as defined by the specimen on pl. 10, fig. 7), by designation of Hemming (1934), Stylops 3(6): 143. A junior objective synonym of Scelotrix Rambur, 1858.

      =    ‡Hemiteleomorpha B. Warren, 1926

Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 74(1): 19, 72. Type-species: Papilio malvae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 167, by designation of Hemming (1934), Stylops, 3(6): 143. A junior objective synonym of Syrichtus Boisduval, [1834].

=    Ateleomorpha B. Warren, 1926

Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 74(1): 19, 87. Type-species: Hesperia onopordi Rambur, [1842], Faune Entomol. Andal. 2(6): 319, pl. 8, fig. 13, by designation of Hemming (1934), Stylops 3(6): 143.

 

Pyrgus ruralis (Boisduval, 1852)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10: 311-312, no. 68; figured by Oberthür (1912), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 6: pl. 137, fig. 1212 ♀ D&V (lectotype).

Original Combination: Syrichtus ruralis

Type Locality: “Californie” implied from the title of the paper; defined as “Tuolumne Co., Calif.” by Scott (1981), Papilio (n.s.) 1: 7; corrected to “Hwy. 70 at Murphy Creek, 2.5 road miles SW of Belden, North Fork Feather River Canyon, 1800' elev., Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 20.

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 20, figs. 123 ♀ D, 124 ♀ V.

=    caespitatis (Boisduval, 1852)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 312, no. 69; figured by Oberthür (1912), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 6: pl. 137, figs. 1204 ♂ D&V (lectotype), 1205 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Syrichtus caespitatis

Type Locality: “Californie” implied from the title of the paper; defined as “Marin Co., Calif.” by Scott (1981), Papilio (n.s.) 1: 7; corrected to “Hwy. 70 at Murphy Creek, 2.5 road miles SW of Belden, North Fork Feather River Canyon, 1800' elev., Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 20.

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 20, figs. 126 ♂ D, 127 ♂ V.

=    ricara (W. H. Edwards, 1865)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 4(1): 201, 203, no. 6, pl. 1, fig. 2 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Hesperia Ricara

Type Locality: “Empire City, Colorado Territory”; defined as “vicinity of the former site of Empire City, Clear Creek County, Colorado” by F. Brown and L. Miller (1975), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 101(4): 626.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown and L. Miller (1975), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 101(4): 626-628, fig. 15 ♂ D&V.

=    petreius (W. H. Edwards, 1870)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(2): 189, 195, no. 12.

Original Combination: Syrichtus Petreius

Type Locality: “Nevada”; defined as “Little Valley, Washoe County, Nevada” by F. Brown and L. Miller (1975), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 101(4): 628, 630; neotype from “Neva.”

Types: Neotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown and L. Miller (1975), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 101(4): 630, fig. 16 ♂ D&V.

 

Pyrgus ruralis lagunae Scott, 1981

Papilio (n.s.) 1: 7, figured by Scott (1975), J. Lepid. Soc. 29(4): fig. 3 ♂ D.

Original Combination: Pyrgus ruralis lagunae

Type Locality: “N. end, E Laguna...Laguna Mts., San Diego Co., Calif.”

Types: Holotype in LACM.

Bibliography

 

Top of PageMain PageReference LibraryLiterature ListCitationInteractive Listing

This website is supported by Butterflies of America Foundation, a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) public charity.