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Speyeria hesperis nausicaa (W. H. Edwards, 1874)
(Northwestern Fritillary)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Speyeria Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 44. Type-species: Papilio idalia Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 1: 25, pl. 13, figs. 1-3 (1770); 2: index (1773), by original designation.

=    Semnopsyche Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 258-259, no. 44. Type-species: Papilio diana, Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 4 pl. 98, figs. D, E; 2(16): 148 (index), by original designation. Grey (1989), J. Lepid. Soc. 43(1): 1-2, determined this synonymy.

=    Neoacidalia Reuss, 1926

Dtsche. Entomol. Z. 1926(1): 69. Type-species: Papilio cybele Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 516, no. 311, by original designation.

=    Mesoacidalia Reuss, 1926

Dtsche. Entomol. Z. 1926 (1): 69. Type-species: Papilio aglaja Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1: 481, no. 140, by original designation.

=    Proacidalia Reuss, 1926

Dtsche. Entomol. Z. 1926 (1): 69. Type-species: Argynnis clara Blanchard, 1844; in Jacquemont, Voy. Inde 4 (Zool.): 20, pl. 2, figs. 2, 3, by original designation.

 

Speyeria hesperis (W. H. Edwards, 1864)

This was treated as a species-level taxon by Scott et al. (1998), Papilio (n.s.) 8: 1-31, and other recent authors.

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(4): 501, 502-503, no. 3; figured by W. H. Edwards (1868), Butts. N. Am. [1](2): pl. Argynnis 7, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Argynnis Hesperis

Type Locality: “Rocky Mountains”; defined as “Turkey Creek Junction, Jefferson County, Colorado” by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 19.

Types: Neotype in CMNH, first designated as lectotype by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 19, but it is not a syntype; subsequently neotypified by dos Passos and Grey (1965), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 91(3): 356; figured by W. Holland (1898), Butt. Book: pl. 12, fig. 1 ♂ D, and F. Brown (1965), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 91(3): 299, fig. 21 ♂ D&V.

 

Speyeria hesperis nausicaa (W. H. Edwards, 1874)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 5(2): 104-105; figured by W. H. Edwards (1888), Butts. N. Am. 3(4): pl. Argynnis 10, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Argynnis Nausicaa

Type Locality: “Rocky Canon, Arizona”; further defined as “Graham County” by F. Brown (1965), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 91(3): 301.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 19; figured by F. Brown (1965), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 91(3): 302, fig. 22 ♂ D&V.

                         =    ‡arizonensis (Elwes, 1889)

Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (4)1889(4): 546; cited Mead (1875), Rep. Coll. diurn. Lepid. 5(Zool.): 752.

Original Combination: [Argynnis ?aphrodite] forma Arizonensis

Type Locality: “Arizona (Wheeler Expedition)...also in Colorado”; suggested to be “Rocky Can[y]on, Arizona” by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 19; defined as “Rock Canyon, Graham County, Arizona” by F. Brown (1965), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 91(3): 301.

Types: Neotype in CMNH, designated by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 19; this is the same specimen as the lectotype of Argynnis nausicaa W. H. Edwards, 1874, making arizonensis a junior objective synonym of A. nausicaa.

Bibliography

 

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