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Family PAPILIONIDAE Latreille, [1802]   —   SWALLOWTAILS
Subfamily Baroniinae Bryk, 1913   —   Baronia

Baronia brevicornis brevicornis

Salvin, 1893

Baronia

SW Mexico

Baronia brevicornis rufodiscalis

J. De la Maza & White, 1987

Baronia

Chiapas
Subfamily Parnassiinae Duponchel, [1835]   —   Parnassians

Parnassius eversmanni thor

Hy. Edwards, 1881

Eversmann's Parnassian

Alaska, YK, W NT, N BC

Parnassius clodius strohbeeni

Sternitzky, 1945

Clodius Parnassian

Santa Cruz Mtns, CA; apparently
extinct

Parnassius clodius clodius

Ménétriés, 1855

Clodius Parnassian

N CA; Marin to Trinity cos.

Parnassius clodius claudianus

Stichel, 1907

Clodius Parnassian

far N CA (Siskiyous) to SW BC;
Cascades westward

Parnassius clodius
pseudogallatinus

Bryk, 1913

Clodius Parnassian

Cascades of N WA & S BC

Parnassius clodius incredibilis

Bryk, 1932

Clodius Parnassian

Mt. St. Elias, Alaska; types
possibly mislabeled

Parnassius clodius sol

Bryk & Eisner, 1932

Clodius Parnassian

CA; Tulare to Modoc & S Siskiyou
Cos.; Warners?; usually <
7000'

Parnassius clodius baldur

W. H. Edwards, 1877

Clodius Parnassian

CA; S Sierra Nevada, usually
above 7000'

Parnassius clodius

Ménétriés, 1855 (S Sierra
Nevada segregate)

Clodius Parnassian

Southern Sierra Nevada
(Kern-Tulare Cos.), CA

Parnassius clodius altaurus

Dyar, 1903

Clodius Parnassian

[= shepardi]; SE BC, E WA, ID, W
MT, NW WY, E OR

Parnassius clodius menetriesii

Hy. Edwards, 1877

Clodius Parnassian

N UT

Parnassius phoebus apricatus

Stichel, 1906

Phoebus Parnassian

S Alaska to NW BC

Parnassius phoebus golovinus

W. Holland, 1930

Phoebus Parnassian

Seward Peninsula, Alaska

Parnassius behrii

W. H. Edwards, 1870

Sierra Nevada Parnassian

CA Sierra Nevada

Parnassius smintheus sternitzkyi

McDunnough, 1937

Rocky Mountain Parnassian

Siskiyou/ S Cascade Mts, NW
CA-SW OR

Parnassius smintheus olympianna

Burdick, 1941

Rocky Mountain Parnassian

Olympic Mts, NW WA; Vancouver
I., SW BC

Parnassius smintheus yukonensis

Eisner, 1969

Rocky Mountain Parnassian

SW YK, NW BC

Parnassius smintheus smintheus

E. Doubleday, 1847

Rocky Mountain Parnassian

Rocky Mtns., E BC-W ALTA to N MT

Parnassius smintheus magnus

W. G. Wright, 1905

Rocky Mountain Parnassian

S BC, E WA, E OR, ID, W MT, NW
WY

Parnassius smintheus maximus

Bryk & Eisner, 1937

Rocky Mountain Parnassian

C & E MT

Parnassius smintheus sayii

W. H. Edwards, 1863

Rocky Mountain Parnassian

[= hermodur]; NE NV, UT, S & E
WY, W SD, W NB, CO, N NM

Parnassius smintheus
pseudorotgeri

Eisner, 1966

Rocky Mountain Parnassian

SW CO; San Juan Mtns.
Subfamily Papilioninae Latreille, [1802]   —  
Tribe Troidini Talbot, 1939   —  

Parides alopius

(Godman & Salvin, 1890)

White-dotted Cattleheart

S Arizona (stray), W Mexico

Parides photinus

(Doubleday, 1844)

Pink-spotted Cattleheart

NE & NW Mexico to Costa Rica

Parides montezuma

(Westwood, 1842)

Montezuma’s Cattleheart

NE & NW Mexico to Costa Rica

Parides eurimedes mylotes

(H. Bates, 1861)

True Cattleheart

S Mexico to Costa Rica

Parides eurimedes mycale

(Godman & Salvin, 1890)

True Cattleheart

Panama and far N Colombia

Parides childrenae childrenae

(Gray, 1832)

Green-celled Cattleheart

SE Mexico to Panama

Parides sesostris zestos

(Gray, [1853])

Emerald-patched Cattleheart

SE Mexico to Costa Rica

Parides sesostris tarquinius

(Boisduval, 1836)

Emerald-patched Cattleheart

Panama, transandean Colombia, N
Venezuela

Parides panares panares

(Gray, [1853])

Wedge-spotted Cattleheart

Oaxaca

Parides panares lycimenes

(Boisduval, 1870)

Wedge-spotted Cattleheart

Chiapas to Panama

Parides erithalion polyzelus

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)

Variable Cattleheart

E Mexico to Costa Rica

Parides erithalion trichopus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Variable Cattleheart

W Mexico

Parides erithalion sadyattes

(H. Druce, 1874)

Variable Cattleheart

Nicaragua and N Costa Rica

Parides erithalion smalli

K.S. Brown, 1994

Variable Cattleheart

S Costa Rica & Panama

Parides iphidamas iphidamas

(Fabricius, 1793) (Typical
segregate)

Iphidamas Cattleheart

SE Mexico to Costa Rica

Parides iphidamas

(Fabricius, 1793) (Atlantic
Coast, Panama)

Iphidamas Cattleheart

Atlantic Coast, Panama

Parides anchises marthilia

R.G. De la Maza, 1999

Anchises Cattleheart

Chiapas

Parides anchises farfan

K.S. Brown, 1994

Anchises Cattleheart

Panama (Pacific Coast)

Parides gundlachianus
gundlachianus

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)

Cuban Cattleheart

E Cuba

Parides gundlachianus alayoi

Hernández, Alayón & D.S.
Smith, 1995

Cuban Cattleheart

Pinar del Río, W Cuba

Battus philenor philenor

(Linnaeus, 1771)

Pipevine Swallowtail

Mexico, S & E USA & Canada

Battus philenor hirsuta

(Skinner, 1908)

'California' Pipevine Swallowtail

central and northern California

Battus philenor acauda

(Oberthür, 1879)

'Yucatan' Pipevine Swallowtail

Yucatan Peninsula and
surrounding areas

Battus philenor orsua

(Godman & Salvin, 1889)

'Tres Marias' Pipevine Swallowtail

Islas Tres Marias, Nayarit

Battus philenor insularis

Vázquez, 1957

'Revillagigedo' Pipevine Swallowtail

Islas Revillagigedo, Colima

Battus devilliers

(Godart, [1824])

De Villiers' Swallowtail

Cuba, N & S Andros

Battus zetides

(Munroe, 1971)

Zetides Swallowtail

Hispaniola

Battus polydamas polydamas

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Polydamas Swallowtail

continental

Battus polydamas lucayus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

SE USA & Bahamas

Battus polydamas cubensis

(Dufrane, 1946)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Cuba & Isla de Juventud

Battus polydamas jamaicensis

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Jamaica

Battus polydamas polycrates

(Höpffer, 1866)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Hispaniola

Battus polydamas thyamus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico,
Culebra

Battus polydamas antiquus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Antigua; extinct

Battus polydamas christopheranus

(A. Hall, 1936)

Polydamas Swallowtail

St. Kitts, St. Christopher,
Montserrat, Nevis

Battus polydamas neodamas

(Lucas, 1852)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Guadeloupe & Marie-Galante

Battus polydamas dominicus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Dominica

Battus polydamas cebriones

(Dalman, 1823)

Polydamas Swallowtail

[= xenodamus]; Martinique

Battus polydamas lucianus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

St. Lucia

Battus polydamas vincentius

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

St. Vincent (possibly northern
Grenadines)

Battus polydamas grenadensis

(A. Hall, 1930)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Grenada, southern Grenadines

Battus eracon

(Godman & Salvin, 1897)

West-Mexican Swallowtail

W Mexico

Battus laodamas iopas

(Godman & Salvin, 1897)

Green-patch Swallowtail

W Mexico

Battus laodamas copanae

(Reakirt, 1863)

Green-patch Swallowtail

E Mexico to N Costa Rica

Battus laodamas rhipidius

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Green-patch Swallowtail

Costa Rica to Panama

Battus ingenuus

(Dyar, 1907)

Dyar's Swallowtail

SE Mexico to E Venezuela,
Trinidad, and Ecuador

Battus lycidas

(Cramer, 1777)

Cramer's Swallowtail

SE Mexico to N Bolivia and S
Pará, Brazil

Battus crassus lepidus

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)

Crassus Swallowtail

Costa Rica to E Venezuela and W
Ecuador
Tribe Leptocircini W. F. Kirby, 1896   —  

Eurytides epidaus epidaus

(Doubleday, 1846)

Mexican Kite-Swallowtail

E Mexico to NW Costa Rica

Eurytides epidaus fenochionis

(Salvin & Godman, 1868)

Mexican Kite-Swallowtail

SW Mexico

Eurytides epidaus tepicus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Mexican Kite-Swallowtail

NW Mexico

Eurytides philolaus philolaus

(Boisduval, 1836)

Dark Kite-Swallowtail

Texas and Sinaloa S to Costa
Rica

Eurytides philolaus xanticles

(H. Bates, 1863)

Dark Kite-Swallowtail

Panama, N Colombia, N Venezuela

Eurytides agesilaus neosilaus

(Höpffer, 1865)

Short-lined Kite-Swallowtail

E Mexico to Costa Rica

Eurytides agesilaus fortis

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Short-lined Kite-Swallowtail

W Mexico

Eurytides agesilaus eimeri

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Short-lined Kite-Swallowtail

Panama & W Colombia

Eurytides dioxippus lacandones

(H. Bates, 1864)

Thick-bordered Kite-Swallowtail

SE Mexico to W Panama

Eurytides dioxippus dioxippus

(Hewitson, [1856])

Thick-bordered Kite-Swallowtail

C Panama to Colombia

Eurytides calliste calliste

(H. Bates, 1864)

Yellow Kite-Swallowtail

SE Mexico to El Salvador and
Hondruas

Eurytides calliste olbius

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Yellow Kite-Swallowtail

Costa Rica to W Panama

Eurytides thyastes marchandii

(Boisduval, 1836)

Orange Kite-Swallowtail

E Mexico to Honduras

Eurytides thyastes occidentalis

(R.F. De la Maza, 1982)

Orange Kite-Swallowtail

SW Mexico

Eurytides thyastes panamensis

(Oberthür, 1879)

Orange Kite-Swallowtail

Nicaragua and Costa Rica to NW
Ecuador

Eurytides salvini

(H. Bates, 1864)

Salvin’s Kite-Swallowtail

SE Mexico to Honduras

Eurytides orabilis orabilis

(Butler, 1872)

Thick-edged Kite-Swallowtail

Costa Rica & Panama

Eurytides dolicaon
septentrionalis

K. Brown, 1994

Thin-tailed Kite-Swallowtail

central Panama

Eurytides telesilaus dolius

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Telesilaus Swallowtail

C Panama to Trinidad and NW
Ecuador

Eurytides glaucolaus glaucolaus

(H. Bates, 1864)

Glaucolaus Swallowtail

Panama to C Colombia

Eurytides macrosilaus
penthesilaus

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)

Five-striped Kite-Swallowtail

SE Mexico to Guatemala and El
Salvador

Eurytides macrosilaus
macrosilaus

(Gray, [1853])

Five-striped Kite-Swallowtail

Honduras to Costa Rica

Eurytides protesilaus dariensis

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Great Kite-Swallowtail

Costa Rica & Panama to N
Venezuela

Eurytides celadon

(Lucas, 1852)

Cuban Kite-Swallowtail

Cuba & Isla de Juventud

Eurytides zonaria

(Butler, 1869)

Hispaniolan Kite-Swallowtail

Hispaniola

Eurytides anaxilaus

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)

Small Kite-Swallowtail

Panama, N Colombia, N Venezuela

Eurytides marcellinus

(Doubleday, [1845])

Jamaican Kite-Swallowtail

Jamaica

Eurytides marcellus

(Cramer, 1777)

Zebra Swallowtail

E USA & Canada

Mimoides thymbraeus thymbraeus

(Boisduval, 1836)

White-crescent Swallowtail

SE Mexico to Honduras

Mimoides thymbraeus aconophos

(Gray, [1853])

White-crescent Swallowtail

W Mexico

Mimoides ilus branchus

(Doubleday, 1846)

Ilus Swallowtail

E Mexico to N Costa Rica

Mimoides ilus occiduus

(Vázquez, 1957)

Ilus Swallowtail

W Mexico

Mimoides ilus ilus

(Fabricius, 1793)

Ilus Swallowtail

Panama to N Colombia & C
Venezuela

Mimoides euryleon clusoculis

(Butler, 1872)

False Cattleheart Swallowtail

Costa Rica & Panama

Mimoides phaon phaon

(Boisduval, 1836)

Variable Swallowtail

NE Mexico to Panama

Mimoides pausanias prasinus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Bluish Mimic-Swallowtail

Costa Rica & W Panama

Mimoides pausanias cleombrotas

(Strecker, 1885)

Bluish Mimic-Swallowtail

E Panama to N Ecuador
Tribe Papilionini Latreille, [1802]   —  

Papilio machaon aliaska

Scudder, 1869

Old World Swallowtail

Alaska, NW Canada

Papilio machaon hudsonianus

A. Clark, 1932

Old World Swallowtail

NE Canada (and far NE USA)

Papilio machaon pikei

Sperling, 1987

Old World Swallowtail

Peace River region, ALTA-BC

Papilio machaon oregonia

W. H. Edwards, 1876

'Oregon' Old World Swallowtail

Columbia Basin, NW USA

Papilio machaon dodi

McDunnough, 1939

'Baird's' Old World Swallowtail

northern Great Plains, Alberta
to NE Colorado

Papilio machaon bairdii

W. H. Edwards, 1866

'Baird's' Old World Swallowtail

southern Rocky Mountains to SE
California

Papilio brevicauda brevicauda

Saunders, 1869

Short-tailed Swallowtail

S Laborador, Newfoundland,
Anticosti Island

Papilio brevicauda gaspeensis

McDunnough, 1934

Short-tailed Swallowtail

Gaspe Peninsula, Quebec

Papilio brevicauda bretonensis

McDunnough, 1939

Short-tailed Swallowtail

Maritime Provinces

Papilio joanae

J. Heitzman, 1973

Ozark Swallowtail

Ozark region, central USA

Papilio polyxenes polyxenes

Fabricius, 1775

Black Swallowtail

Cuba

Papilio polyxenes asterius

(Stoll, 1782)

Black Swallowtail

Canada, E USA, S to El Salvador

Papilio polyxenes coloro

W. G. Wright, 1905

Desert Swallowtail

far SW USA

Papilio polyxenes stabilis

Rothschild & Jordan, 1906

'Central American' Black Swallowtail

Costa Rica & W Panama

Papilio zelicaon

Lucas, 1852

Anise Swallowtail

W USA & Canada, Baja California
Norte

Papilio indra shastensis

J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1998

Indra Swallowtail

NW CA, SW OR

Papilio indra indra

Reakirt, 1866

Indra Swallowtail

most of range; NE ORE-WA, ID,
MT, N UT, WY, W SD, CO

Papilio indra

Reakirt, 1866 (N & C Sierra
Nevada segregate)

Indra Swallowtail

[ "i. indra"]; N & C Sierra
Nevada, CA

Papilio indra phyllisae

J. Emmel, 1982

Indra Swallowtail

S Sierra Nevada, CA

Papilio indra pergamus

Hy. Edwards, 1874

Indra Swallowtail

Los Angeles, W San Berdo.,
Riverside, San Diego cos., CA

Papilio indra fordi

J. A. Comstock & Martin, 1956

Indra Swallowtail

Calico S to Granite Mts.;
Sheephole, Coxcomb, Eagle Mts.,
CA

Papilio indra parvindra

J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Griffin,
2008

Indra Swallowtail

[= pygmaeus], Dead Mtns., San
Bernardino Co., CA

Papilio indra martini

J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1966

Indra Swallowtail

Providence Mtns., San Bernardino
Co., CA

Papilio indra panamintensis

J. Emmel, 1982

Indra Swallowtail

Panamint Mts., Death Valley
region, CA

Papilio indra nevadensis

T. Emmel & J. Emmel, 1971

Indra Swallowtail

C & N NV