________________________________ 
Family PIERIDAE Swainson, 1820   —   WHITES and YELLOWS
Subfamily Dismorphiinae Schatz, 1866   —   Mimic-Whites

Pseudopieris nehemia irma

Lamas, 1979

Clean Mimic-White

S Mexico (Chiapas) & Guatemala

Pseudopieris nehemia francisca

Lamas, 1979

Clean Mimic-White

Honduras

Pseudopieris nehemia luisa

Lamas, 1979

Clean Mimic-White

Panama to Ecuador

Dismorphia spio

(Godart, 1819)

Hispaniolan Mimic-White

Hispaniola and Puerto Rico

Dismorphia cubana

(Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)

Cuban Mimic-White

Cuba

Dismorphia amphione lupita

Lamas, 1979

Tiger Mimic-White

NW Mexico (Nayarit, Jalisco,
Colima)

Dismorphia amphione isolda

Llorente, 1984

Tiger Mimic-White

SW Mexico, Pacific slope of
Guerrero & Oaxaca

Dismorphia amphione praxinoe

(Doubleday, 1844)

Tiger Mimic-White

E Mexico to Colombia

Dismorphia amphione beroe

(Lucas, 1852)

Tiger Mimic-White

Panama-Colombia

Dismorphia crisia alvarezi

J. De la Maza & R. G. De la
Maza, 1984

Crisia Mimic-White

SW Chiapas, Mexico, to Guatemala

Dismorphia crisia virgo

(H. Bates, 1864)

Crisia Mimic-White

SE Mexico & Guatemala

Dismorphia crisia steinhauseri

J. De la Maza & R. G. De la
Maza, 1984

Crisia Mimic-White

El Salvador

Dismorphia crisia lubina

Butler, 1872

Crisia Mimic-White

Costa Rica & Panama

Dismorphia eunoe eunoe

(Doubleday, 1844)

Eunoe Mimic-White

S Mexico; Atlantic slope of
Veracruz & Oaxaca

Dismorphia eunoe popoluca

Llorente & Luis, 1988

Eunoe Mimic-White

Los Tuxtlas region, Veracruz,
Mexico

Dismorphia eunoe chamula

Llorente & Luis, 1988

Eunoe Mimic-White

S Mexico (Chiapas)

Dismorphia eunoe desine

(Hewitson, 1869)

Eunoe Mimic-White

Nicaragua & Costa Rica to Panama

Dismorphia eunoe noelia

Lamas, 2004

Eunoe Mimic-White

Darien, Panama

Dismorphia lua costaricensis

(Schaus, 1913)

Lua Mimic-White

Costa Rica

Dismorphia lua idae

Fassl, 1910

Lua Mimic-White

Panama - W Colombia

Dismorphia zaela oreas

(Salvin, 1871)

Zaela Mimic-White

Costa Rica & Panama

Dismorphia zathoe pallidula

Butler & H. Druce, 1874

Zathoe Mimic-White

Costa Rica & Panama

Dismorphia theucharila fortunata

(Lucas, 1854)

Clearwinged Mimic-White

E Mexico to NW Colombia

Dismorphia theucharila siloe

(Hewitson, [1858])

Clearwinged Mimic-White

Panama and Colombia

Enantia albania albania

(H. Bates, 1864)

Costa-spotted Mimic-White

S TX (one-time stray), E Mexico
to Guatemala & El Salvador

Enantia albania amalia

(Staudinger, 1884)

Costa-spotted Mimic-White

Nicaragua to Panama

Enantia jethys

(Boisduval, 1836)

Jethys Mimic-White

E Mexico to El Salvador &
Nicaragua

Enantia mazai mazai

Llorente, 1984

De la Maza's Mimic-White

E Mexico to Chiapas

Enantia mazai diazi

Llorente, 1984

De la Maza’s Mimic-White

W Mexico

Enantia lina virna

Lamas, 2003

White Mimic-White

S Mexico (SW Chiapas) to SW
Guatemala

Enantia lina marion

Godman & Salvin, 1889

White Mimic-White

SE Mexico to Panama

Lieinix lala turrenti

J. De la Maza & R. G. De la
Maza, 1984

Dark Mimic-White

SW Chiapas, Mexico

Lieinix lala lala

(Godman & Salvin, 1889)

Dark Mimic-White

C Chiapas, Mexico to Guatemala

Lieinix neblina

J. De la Maza & R. G. De la
Maza, 1984

Guerrero Mimic-White

SW Mexico (Guerrero and Oaxaca)

Lieinix nemesis nayaritensis

Llorente, 1984

Frosted Mimic-White

W Mexico (Nayarit to Oaxaca)

Lieinix nemesis atthis

(Doubleday, 1842)

Frosted Mimic-White

E Mexico to Panama

Lieinix cinerascens

(Salvin, 1871)

Bluish Mimic-White

El Salvador to Panama

Lieinix viridifascia

(Butler, 1872)

Greenish Mimic-White

Meseta Central & Volcan
Chiriqui, Costa Rica & Panama

Patia cordillera sororna

(Butler, 1872)

Cordilleran Mimic-White

Costa Rica to Colombia
Subfamily Coliadinae Swainson, 1821   —   Sulphurs and Yellows

Kricogonia lyside

(Godart, 1819)

Lyside Sulphur

SE AZ & S TX (strays N) to
Venezuela; S FL, Gr. Antilles

Kricogonia cabrerai

Ramsden, 1920

Cuban Sulphur

Cuba

Nathalis iole iole

Boisduval, 1836

Dainty Sulphur

S USA (strays N to Canada) to
Hondruas, Greater Antilles

Eurema daira sidonia

(R. Felder, 1869)

Barred Yellow

SE AZ & SW NM (as vagrant), W
Mexico

Eurema daira daira

(Godart, 1819)

Barred Yellow

SE USA, Bahamas, Cuba as
irregular vagrant

Eurema daira palmira

(Poey, [1852])

Barred Yellow

Greater & Lesser Antilles,
irregularly S FL (as vagrant?)

Eurema daira eugenia

(Wallengren, 1860)

Barred Yellow

S TX (strays N), E Mexico to
Panama

Eurema daira lydia

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1872)

Barred Yellow

SE Panama, NW South America

Eurema elathea elathea

(Cramer, 1777)

Banded Yellow

Greater & Lesser Antilles,
Bahamas, Caymans

Eurema elathea vitellina

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)

Banded Yellow

Nicaragua to Colombia &
Venezuela

Eurema lucina

(Poey, [1852])

Smudged Yellow

[= forbesi?], Cuba and Isla de
Juventud

Eurema priddyi

(Lathy, 1898)

Priddy's Yellow

Hispaniola

Eurema boisduvaliana

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)

Boisduval’s Yellow

SE AZ, SW NM, S TX (sporadic) to
W Costa Rica, Cuba, Jamaica

Eurema gratiosa

(Doubleday, 1847)

Disjunct Yellow

W Costa Rica to Venezuela, St.
Lucia & the Grenadines

Eurema mexicana mexicana

(Boisduval, 1836)

Mexican Yellow

SW USA (strays widely N) to
Panama

Eurema mexicana bogotana

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)

Mexican Yellow

Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia

Eurema adamsi

(Lathy, 1898)

Contrasting Yellow

Jamaica

Eurema salome jamapa

(Reakirt, 1866)

Salome Yellow

S NM & S TX (as strays) to
Panama

Eurema xantochlora xanthochlora

(Kollar, 1850)

Tropical Yellow

SE Mexico to Colombia &
Venezuela

Eurema albula celata

(R. Felder, 1869)

White Yellow

E & W Mexico to Honduras

Eurema albula marginella

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)

White Yellow

Nicaragua to Ecuador

Eurema albula albula

(Cramer, 1775)

White Yellow

NE South America to Argentina,
Trinidad, St. Vincent

Eurema agave millerorum

Llorente & Luis, 1987

Agave Yellow

SE Mexico to Costa Rica

Eurema agave agave

(Cramer, 1775)

Agave Yellow

Panama, South America

Eurema amelia

(Poey, [1852])

Cuban Yellow

Cuba & Isla de Juventud

Abaeis nicippe

(Cramer, 1779)

Sleepy Orange

S USA (strays N) to Costa Rica,
Gr. Antilles, Caymans, Bahamas

Abaeis nicippiformis

(Munroe, 1947)

Fast Orange

Hispaniola

Pyrisitia proterpia

(Fabricius, 1775)

Tailed Orange

SE AZ, SW NM, S TX (strays N) to
Peru, most Greater Antilles

Pyrisitia lisa lisa

(Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830])

Little Yellow

SE USA (C TX to VA, strays N),
Bermuda, N Bahamas

Pyrisitia lisa centralis

(Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)

Little Yellow

SE AZ (as stray), S TX to Panama

Pyrisitia lisa euterpe

(Ménétriés, 1832)

Little Yellow

Greater and Lesser Antilles to
Barbados

Pyrisitia euterpiformis

(Munroe, 1947)

Hispaniolan Yellow

Hispaniola

Pyrisitia venusta emanona

(Dillon, 1947)

Pale Yellow

Lesser Antilles (Grenada to
Montserrat)

Pyrisitia venusta venusta

(Boisduval, 1836)

Pale Yellow

Panama, northern South America

Pyrisitia nise nelphe

(R. Felder, 1869)

Mimosa Yellow

S AZ (as stray) & S TX (strays
N) to Panama

Pyrisitia nise nise

(Cramer, 1775)

Mimosa Yellow

S FL, Grand Bahama, New
Providence I., Cuba, Jamaica

Pyrisitia larae

(Herrich-Schäffer, 1862)

Confusing Yellow

Cuba, Andros, Great Abaco

Pyrisitia chamberlaini
chamberlaini

(Butler, 1898)

Chamberlain's Yellow

Great Bahama Bank

Pyrisitia chamberlaini clenchi

(L. Miller, Simon & Harvey,
1992)

Chamberlain's Yellow

Crooked & Acklins Islands

Pyrisitia chamberlaini
mariguanae

(M. Bates, 1934)

Chamberlain's Yellow

Mayaguana I. & Caicos Islands

Pyrisitia chamberlaini inaguae

(Munroe, 1950)

Chamberlain's Yellow

Great & Little Inagua, far E
Cuba

Pyrisitia dina westwoodii

(Boisduval, 1836)

Dina Yellow

SE AZ (as stray) & E Mexico to
Panama

Pyrisitia dina gabriela

Le Crom & Llorente, 2004

Dina Yellow

[far SE Panama?], Colombia

Pyrisitia dina helios

(D. Bates, 1934)

Dina Yellow

S FL, Bahamas

Pyrisitia dina dina

(Poey, 1832)

Dina Yellow

Cuba

Pyrisitia dina parvumbra

(Kaye, 1925)

Dina Yellow

Jamaica

Pyrisitia dina mayobanex

(M. Bates, 1939)

Dina Yellow

Hispaniola

Pyrisitia leuce athalia

(V. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)

Leuce Yellow

Panama, Colombia, Venezuela,
Trinidad

Pyrisitia leuce memulus

(Butler, 1871)

Leuce Yellow

Hispaniola

Pyrisitia leuce antillarum

(A. Hall, 1936)

Leuce Yellow

P. Rico, St. Kitts, St. Martin,
Guadeloupe, Dominica, St. Lucia

Pyrisitia portoricensis

(Dewitz, 1877)

Puerto Rican Yellow

Puerto Rico

Pyrisitia pyro

(Godart, 1819)

Pyro Orange

Hispaniola

Pyrisitia messalina

(Fabricius, 1785)

Whitish Yellow

Bahamas, Cuba, I. de Juventud,
Jamaica, Caymans, [S FL?]

Colias philodice guatemalena

Röber, 1909

'Guatemalan' Clouded Sulphur

Chiapas & Guatemala

Colias philodice philodice

Godart, 1819

Clouded Sulphur

 

Colias philodice eriphyle

W. H. Edwards, 1876

Clouded Sulphur

 

Colias philodice vitabunda

Hovanitz, 1943

Clouded Sulphur

 

Colias eurytheme

Boisduval, 1832

Orange Sulphur

 

Colias occidentalis occidentalis

Scudder, 1862

Western Sulphur

[= nortepacifica]

Colias occidentalis

Scudder, 1862 (SW Oregon
segregate)

Western Sulphur

S Cascades, far NE Siskiyous,
Jackson -Josephine Co., OR

Colias occidentalis chrysomelas

Hy. Edwards, 1877

Western Sulphur

 

Colias christina kluanensis

Ferris, 1981

Christina's Sulphur

 

Colias christina christina

W. H. Edwards, 1863

Christina's Sulphur

 

Colias christina sacajawea

Kohler, 2006

Christina's Sulphur

 

Colias christina krauthii

Klots, 1935

Christina's Sulphur

 

Colias christina pseudochristina

Ferris, 1989

Christina's Sulphur

 

Colias christina

W. H. Edwards, 1863 (lower Snake
River drainage)

Christina's Sulphur

 

Colias christina

W. H. Edwards, 1863 (NE Oregon
mountains)

Christina's Sulphur

 

Colias christina sullivani

Hammond & McCorkle, 2003

Christina's Sulphur

 

Colias alexandra altamont

Kondla & Kohler, 2006

Queen Alexandra's Sulphur

 

Colias alexandra astraea

W. H. Edwards, 1872

Queen Alexandra's Sulphur

 

Colias alexandra alexandra

W. H. Edwards, 1863

Queen Alexandra's Sulphur

 

Colias alexandra altiplano

M. Fisher & Scott, 2006

Queen Alexandra's Sulphur

 

Colias alexandra apache

Ferris, 1988

Queen Alexandra's Sulphur

 

Colias alexandra edwardsii

W. H. Edwards, 1870

Queen Alexandra's Sulphur

 

Colias alexandra
pseudocolumbiensis

C. Guppy & J. Shepard, 2001

Queen Alexandra's Sulphur

 

Colias alexandra columbiensis

Ferris, 1973

Queen Alexandra's Sulphur

 

Colias harfordii

Hy. Edwards, 1877

Harford’s Sulphur

 

Colias meadii meadii

W. H. Edwards, 1871

Mead's Sulphur

 

Colias meadii elis

Strecker, 1885

Mead's Sulphur

 

Colias meadii lemhiensis

N. Curtis & Ferris, 1985

Mead's Sulphur

 

Colias johanseni

Troubridge & Philip, 1990

Johansen's Sulphur

Bernard Harbour, District of
Mackenzie, Nunavut

Colias hecla hecla

Lefèbvre, 1836

Hecla Sulphur

 

Colias hecla hela

Strecker, 1880

Hecla Sulphur

 

Colias hecla zamolodchikovi

Churkin & Grieshuber, 2001

Hecla Sulphur

Seward Peninsula, AK, possibly E
through Yukon & NWT

Colias canadensis

Ferris, 1982

Canadian Sulphur

 

Colias tyche kolosovae

Churkin, Grieshuber, Bogdanov &
Zamolodchikov, 2001

Booth's Sulphur

[olga is preoccupied] Seward
Peninsula, AK

Colias tyche thula

Hovanitz, 1955

Booth's Sulphur

N slope Brooks Range, AK

Colias tyche boothii

J. Curtis, 1835

Booth's Sulphur

C Canadian Arctic

Colias nastes nastes

Boisduval, 1832

Labrador Sulphur

Labrador

Colias nastes moina

Strecker, 1880

Labrador Sulphur

C Canadian Arctic

Colias nastes aliaska

O. Bang-Haas, 1927

Labrador Sulphur

most of Alaska (except Seward
Peninsula) and Yukon; blending
with moina to E