________________________________ 
Subfamily Pierinae Swainson, 1820   —   Whites
Tribe Anthocharidini Scudder, 1889   —  

Anthocharis cethura
bajacalifornia

J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon,
1998

Desert Orangetip

 

Anthocharis cethura catalina

Meadows, 1937

Desert Orangetip

 

Anthocharis cethura cethura

C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865

Desert Orangetip

 

Anthocharis cethura morrisoni

W. H. Edwards, 1881

Desert Orangetip

 

Anthocharis cethura
hadromarmorata

J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon,
1998

Desert Orangetip

 

Anthocharis cethura mojavensis

J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon,
1998

Desert Orangetip

 

Anthocharis cethura pima

W. H. Edwards, 1888

'Pima' Desert Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara

Lucas, 1852 (Isla de Cedros
segregate)

Sara Orangetip

Isla de Cedros, Baja California,
Mexico

Anthocharis sara gunderi

Ingham, 1933

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara sara

Lucas, 1852

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara sempervirens

J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon,
2008

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara flora

W. G. Wright, 1892

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara alaskensis

Gunder, 1932

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara stella

W. H. Edwards, 1879

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara sulfuris

Pelham, 2008

Sara Orangetip

[= columbia]

Anthocharis sara browningi

Skinner, 1906

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara julia

W. H. Edwards, 1872

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara colorado

M. Fisher & Scott, 2008

Sara Orangetip

SW CO, SE UT, NW NM, [NE AZ]

Anthocharis sara coriande

Scott & M. Fisher, 2008

Sara Orangetip

N NM, far S-central CO

Anthocharis sara inghami

Gunder, 1932

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara thoosa

(Scudder, 1878)

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis sara pseudothoosa

Austin, 1998

Sara Orangetip

 

Anthocharis midea midea

(Hübner, [1809])

Falcate Orangetip

 

Anthocharis midea annickae

dos Passos & Klots, 1969

Falcate Orangetip

 

Anthocharis midea texana

Gatrelle, 1998

Falcate Orangetip

[far NE TAMPS]

Anthocharis limonea

(Butler, 1871)

Mexican Orangetip

E & C Mexico

Anthocharis lanceolata
lanceolata

Lucas, 1852

Gray Marble

SW OR, N CA, far W NV, S through
Sierra Nevada

Anthocharis lanceolata australis

(F. Grinnell, 1908)

Gray Marble

S CA Ranges

Anthocharis lanceolata
desertolimbus

J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon,
1998

Gray Marble

W edge Colorado Desert (Palm
Spgs. area S to N BC)

Euchloe naina jakutia

Back, 1991

Arctic Marble

 

Euchloe ausonides ogilvia

Back, 1991

Large Marble

 

Euchloe ausonides insulanus

C. Guppy & J. Shepard, 2001

Large Marble

Puget Sound, WA, [BC]

Euchloe ausonides transmontana

Austin & J. Emmel, 1998

Large Marble

CA Sierra Nevada to W UT, N CA,
OR, E WA, S BC, W ID

Euchloe ausonides ausonides

(Lucas, 1852)

Large Marble

W CA (esp. Bay area), low
elevations

Euchloe ausonides palaeoreios

K. Johnson, 1976

Large Marble

 

Euchloe ausonides coloradensis

(Hy. Edwards, 1881)

Large Marble

 

Euchloe ausonides mayi

F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940

Large Marble

 

Euchloe olympia

(W. H. Edwards, 1871)

Olympia Marble

S ALTA to NE NM & C TX, prairies
E to S ONT + Appalachians

Euchloe olympia

(W. H. Edwards, 1871) (Great
Lakes dunes segregate)

Olympia Marble

dunes bordering Great Lakes (WI,
IL, IN, MI)

Euchloe guaymasensis

Opler, 1987

Sonoran Marble

N & C Sonora, rarely in SE AZ
(Cochise Co.)

Euchloe lotta

Beutenmüller, 1898

Desert Marble

SE BC, S to E CA, AZ, N
SON-CHIH, far W TX, W NM, N to W
MT

Euchloe hyantis andrewsi

Martin, 1958

California Marble

San Bernardino Mts., CA

Euchloe hyantis hyantis

(W. H. Edwards, 1871)

California Marble

SW OR (NW Siskiyous), W CA to
Baja California (N)

Euchloe hyantis

(W. H. Edwards, 1871) (Illinois
Valley segregate)

California Marble

Illinois Valley, Josephine Co.,
OR

Euchloe creusa creusa

(E. Doubleday, [1847])

Northern Marble

N MT (vic. Glacier NP), E BC, W
ALTA, N to Arctic

Hesperocharis costaricensis
pasion

(Reakirt, [1867])

Costa Rican White

E & W Mexico to Guatemala (at
least)

Hesperocharis costaricensis
costaricensis

H. Bates, 1866

Costa Rican White

Nicaragua to Panama

Hesperocharis crocea jaliscana

Schaus, 1898

Orange White

W Mexico (Nayarit to Guerrero)

Hesperocharis crocea crocea

H. Bates, 1866

Orange White

E Mexico to Panama

Hesperocharis graphites
avivolans

(Butler, 1865)

Marbled White

E, W & S Mexico (to Oaxaca)

Hesperocharis graphites
graphites

H. Bates, 1864

Marbled White

Chiapas to Panama
Tribe Pierini Swainson, 1820   —  

Glutophrissa drusilla tenuis

(Lamas, 1981)

Florida White

W Mexico & S TX (strays far N)
to Peru

Glutophrissa drusilla
neumoegenii

(Skinner, 1894)

Florida White

S Florida

Glutophrissa drusilla poeyi

(Butler, 1872)

Florida White

Bahamas, Cuba, Isla de Juventud,
Caymans

Glutophrissa drusilla castalia

(Fabricius, 1793)

Florida White

Jamaica

Glutophrissa drusilla boydi

(W. Comstock, 1943)

Florida White

Hispaniola, Mona, Puerto Rico,
Culebra, Virgin Islands

Glutophrissa drusilla comstocki

(Dillon, 1947)

Florida White

Dominica & Martinique

Glutophrissa drusilla monomorpha

(A. Hall, 1936)

Florida White

Grenada

Glutophrissa punctifera

(d'Almeida, 1939)

Antillean White

Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, St.
Thomas & St. John

Melete lycimnia isandra

(Boisduval, 1836)

Creamy White

S TX (as stray), E & W Mexico to
Costa Rica

Melete lycimnia chagris

(Staudinger, 1876)

Creamy White

Panama

Melete lycimnia monstrosa

(Butler, 1875)

Creamy White

Panama

Melete polyhymnia serrana

R. G. De la Maza, 1984

Golden White

N Oaxaca, Mexico (Gulf Slope)

Melete polyhymnia florinda

(Butler, 1875)

Golden White

Chiapas to Colombia

Melete salacia salacia

(Godart, 1819)

Black-striped White

Hispaniola

Melete salacia cubana

Fruhstorfer, 1908

Black-striped White

Cuba

Neophasia menapia tehachapina

J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon,
1998

Pine White

Tehachapi Mts., Kern Co., CA

Neophasia menapia menapia

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)

Pine White

CA Sierra Nevada N to N OR/ S WA
(or BC if tau treated as syn.)

Neophasia menapia melanica

Scott, 1981

Pine White

immediate coast, Mendocino Co.,
CA

Neophasia menapia tau

(Scudder, 1861)

Pine White

BC, WA, ID, W MT, NE WY,
blending in OR with typical
menapia

Neophasia menapia magnamenapia

Austin, 1998

Pine White

W NV, S & C UT, AZ, NM, CO, E
WY, W NE, W SD

Neophasia terlooii

Behr, 1869

Mexican Pine White

SE AZ, SW NM to central western
Mexico (MICH), also NL

Eucheira socialis socialis

Westwood, 1834

Social White

C Mexico to Oaxaca

Eucheira socialis westwoodi

Beutelspacher, 1984

Social White

NW Mexico

Catasticta flisa flisa

(Herrich-Schäffer, [1858])

Narrow-banded Dartwhite

[= arechiza], E & W Mexico to
Guatemala

Catasticta flisa flisandra

Reissinger, 1972

Narrow-banded Dartwhite

Chiapas & Guatemala

Catasticta flisa flisella

Reissinger, 1972

Narrow-banded Dartwhite

SE Mexico to El Salvador

Catasticta flisa melanisa

Eitschberger & Racheli, 1998

Narrow-banded Dartwhite

Costa Rica

Catasticta flisa archoflisa

Eitschberger & Racheli, 1998

Narrow-banded Dartwhite

Panama

Catasticta oaxaca

Beutelspacher, 1984

Oaxacan Dartwhite

Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico

Catasticta cerberus

Godman & Salvin, 1889

Costa Rican Dartwhite

Costa Rica & Panama

Catasticta theresa

Butler & H. Druce, 1874

Small Dartwhite

Costa Rica & Panama

Catasticta nimbice nimbice

(Boisduval, 1836)

Mexican Dartwhite

W TX, E & W Mexico to Oaxaca

Catasticta nimbice

(Boisduval, 1836) (Los Tuxtlas
segregate)

Mexican Dartwhite

Los Tuxtlas region, Veracruz

Catasticta nimbice ochracea

(H. Bates, 1864)

Mexican Dartwhite

Chiapas and Guatemala to
Nicaragua

Catasticta nimbice bryson

Godman & Salvin, 1889

Mexican Dartwhite

Costa Rica & Panama

Catasticta nimbice ligata

Eitschberger & Racheli, 1998

Mexican Dartwhite

Panama

Catasticta teutila teutila

(Doubleday, 1847)

Pure-banded Dartwhite

C Mexico (Jalisco to Veracruz)

Catasticta teutila flavifasciata

Beutelspacher, 1986

Pure-banded Dartwhite

S Mexico (Oaxaca)

Catasticta teutila

(Doubleday, 1847) (Guerrero
segregate)

Pure-banded Dartwhite

S Mexico (Guerrero)

Catasticta teutila

(Doubleday, 1847) (Chiapas
segregate)

Pure-banded Dartwhite

S Mexico (Chiapas) to Guatemala
(at least)

Catasticta teutila flavomaculata

Lathy & Rosenburg, 1912

Pure-banded Dartwhite

Costa Rica & Panama

Catasticta ctemene actinotis

Butler, 1872

Darkened Dartwhite

Costa Rica & Panama

Catasticta hegemon hegemon

Godman & Salvin, 1889

Frosted Dartwhite

Costa Rica & Panama

Catasticta sisamnus smalli

Eitschberger & Racheli, 1998

Whitened Dartwhite

Honduras to Panama

Leodonta dysoni dysoni

(Doubleday, 1847)

Dyson's White

Costa Rica to Venezuela

Leodonta tellane chiriquensis

(Staudinger, 1884)

Tellane White

Costa Rica & Panama

Pereute charops leonilae

Llorente, 1986

Darkened White

NW Mexico (Sinaloa to Colima)

Pereute charops sphocra

Draudt, 1931

Darkened White

SW Mexico (Pacific slope of
Guerrero & Oaxaca)

Pereute charops charops

(Boisduval, 1836)

Darkened White

E Mexico

Pereute charops nigricans

Joicey & Talbot, 1928

Darkened White

S Mexico (Chiapas) to Nicaragua

Pereute charops

(Boisduval, 1836) (Costa Rican
segregate)

Darkened White

Costa Rica & Panama

Pereute cheops

Staudinger, 1884

Dark White

Costa Rica & Panama

Archonias brassolis approximata

(Butler, 1873)

Cattleheart White

SE Mexico to Panama

Charonias eurytele nigrescens

(Salvin & Godman, 1868)

Tiger White

S Mexico to Guatemala (at least)

Charonias eurytele dismorphites

(Butler, 1872)

Tiger White

Costa Rica & Panama

Perrhybris pamela mapa

J. De la Maza & R. G. De la
Maza, 1989

Dimorphic White

SW Chiapas

Perrhybris pamela chajulensis

J. De la Maza & R. G. De la
Maza, 1989

Dimorphic White

N Oaxaca, Chiapas to Honduras

Perrhybris pamela alethina

(Butler, 1872)

Dimorphic White

Costa Rica & Panama

Perrhybris pamela fruhstorferi

Röber, 1908

Dimorphic White

Panama

Perrhybris lypera
septentrionalis

Röber, 1928

Yellow-banded White

Guatemala to Panama

Pieriballia viardi viardi

(Boisduval, 1836)

Viardi White

S TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico
to Honduras

Pieriballia viardi noctipennis

(Butler & H. Druce, 1872)

Viardi White

Costa Rica & Panama

Itaballia demophile centralis

Joicey & Talbot, 1928

Black-banded White

S TX (one-time stray), E & S
Mexico to Panama

Itaballia pandosia kicaha

(Reakirt, 1863)

Brown-bordered White

S Mexico to Panama

Itaballia pandosia sabata

(Fruhstorfer, 1907)

Brown-bordered White

SE Panama, W Colombia

Leptophobia caesia tenuicornis

Butler & H. Druce, 1872

Bluish White

Costa Rica & Panama

Leptophobia tovaria

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)
(Panama segregate)

Tovaria White

Panama

Leptophobia aripa elodia

(Boisduval, 1836)

Mountain White

S TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico
to Panama

Pieris angelika

Eitschberger, [1984]

Arctic White

C AK to YK & N BC

Pieris marginalis pseudobryoniae

Fruhstorfer, 1909

Margined White

W-central AK
 

Pieris marginalis shapiroi

Eitschberger, [1984]

Margined White

Yukon Delta region, AK
 

Pieris marginalis hulda

W. H. Edwards, 1869

Margined White

AK coast from Kodiak Island to
Aleutian Islands

Pieris marginalis meckyae

Eitschberger, [1984]

Margined White

S-central AK (e.g., Anchorage to
Palmer)

Pieris marginalis guppyi

Eitschberger, [1984]

Margined White

AK Panhandle (Skagway, Juneau,
Haines, etc.)
 

Pieris marginalis tremblayi

Eitschberger, [1984]

Margined White

N-central BC
 

Pieris marginalis reicheli

Eitschberger, [1984]

Margined White

Rocky Mts. Of BC, ALTA, N ID, N
MT

Pieris marginalis marginalis

Scudder, 1861

Margined White

W OR (N of Siskiyous), W
Cascades to coast, N to SW BC

Pieris marginalis sequoia

J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon,
1998

Margined White

N CA coast: redwood forests
Humboldt Co. (vic. Prairie Ck.
S.P.)

Pieris marginalis venosa

Scudder, 1861

Margined White

much of W CA

Pieris marginalis castoria

Reakirt, 1866

Margined White

Siskiyou Mts. (SW OR, NW CA), W
Sierra Nevada

Pieris marginalis

Scudder, 1861 (Warner Mts.
segregate)

Margined White

Warner Mts., Lake Co. OR - Modoc
Co. CA

Pieris marginalis ziegleri

Eitschberger, 1991

Margined White

NW WY, W MT, ID, E WA, NE OR

Pieris marginalis pallidissima

W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916

Margined White

W CO, UT, far NW AZ, NE NV, S
ID, SW WY; bivoltine