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Tmolus echion echiolus (Draudt, 1920)
(Red-spotted Hairstreak)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


Live Adults photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:



(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Tmolus Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (5): 76. Type-species: Papilio echion Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 788, no. 224, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 285, no. 1061.


Tmolus echion (Linnaeus, 1767)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 788, no. 224, cited Kleemann (1761), Beytr. Nat. Ins. 1: pl. 7, figs. 3, 4.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus Ruralis]. Echion

Type Locality: “America”; but “Westindindianische” from Kleeman’s text.

Types: Type is the specimen figured by Kleeman (1761), ibid.; it is probably lost.

            =    crolus (Stoll, 1780)

Uitl. Kapellen 4(28): 85, pl. 333, figs. G ♂ D, H ♂ V; (34): 248 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Pleb[ejus] Rural[is]. Crolus

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

            =    labes (H. H. Druce, 1907)

Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1907(3): 602, pl. 36, fig. 6 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Thecla labes

Type Locality: “Canapo, Trinidad”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

            =    sanctissima (Jørgensen, 1935)

An. Mus. argentino Cienc. Nat. “Bernardino Rivadavia” 38(Entomologia 151): 93-94, pl. 2, fig. 6 ♂ D (holotype).

Original Combination: Thecla sanctissima

Type Locality: “Santísima Trinidad, cerca de Asunción, Paraguay”

Types: Holotype (# 32.703) in MACN.


Tmolus echion echiolus (Draudt, 1920)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(283): 786; (260): pl. 156f, fig. [4] ♂ V.

Original Combination: [Thecla echion] form echiolus

Type Locality: “Mexiko”

Types: Syntypes in MTD.



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