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Zerene c. cesonia (Stoll, 1790)
(Southern Dogface)

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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

S USA (strays far N) to Colombia, Cuba

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Zerene Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 97. Type-species: Papilio cesonia Stoll, 1790, Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (3): 176-177, pl. 41, figs. 2, 2b; 182 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 59. Pollock et al. (1998), Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 91(5): 524-531, suggested that Colias and Zerene may be sister taxa.

      =    ‡Megonostoma Reakirt, [1864]

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(3): 356. Type-species: Papilio cesonia Stoll, 1790, Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (3) : 176-177, pl. 41, figs. 2, 2b; 182 (index), by designation of Butler (1870), Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 46. A junior objective synonym of Zerene Hübner, [1819].

 

Zerene cesonia (Stoll, 1790)

 

Zerene cesonia cesonia (Stoll, 1790)

Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (3): 176-177, pl. 41, figs. 2 ♂ D, 2B ♂ V; 182 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Dan[aus]. Cand[idus] Cesonia

Type Locality: “Georgien in Noord-America” “Georgie, dans lAmerique Septentrionale” [Georgia]

Types: Syntype(s) probably in RMNH (Raye van Breukelerwaerth collection), as noted by Lamas (1993), Shilap Revta. Lepid. 21(83): 144, no. 28.

This name was spelled “sesonia” in the French text (p. 176), representing an incorrect original spelling (it is spelled cesonia in the Dutch text and index); it has widely been misspelled as “caesonia,” attributable to Godart (1819), in: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(1): 98, no. 31.

                   =    philippa (Fabricius, 1793)

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 211, no. 660.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. D[anaus]. Philippa

Type locality: Not stated.

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

                   =    centralamericana (Röber, 1909)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(29): 93.

Original Combination: [Maganostoma [sic!] cesonia] centralamericana

Type Locality: Not stated; lectotype from “Honduras.”

Types: Lectotype in ZMHB, designated by Lamas (1993), Revta Lepid. 21(83): 144, no. 28.

                   =    rosea (Röber, 1909)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(29): 94.

Original Combination: [Maganostoma [sic!] cesonia] rosea

Type Locality: “Colorado”

Types: Lectotype in ZMHB, designated by Lamas (1993), Revta Lepid. 21(83): 152, no. 110.

                         =    ‡”rosa” (M'Neill, 1889)

Can. Entomol. 21(3): 43-45.

Original Combination: [Colias caesonia] [female...dimorphic or...aberrant form] rosa

Type Locality: “low-lying field, on the banks of the Mississippi, three miles east of Moline” [Rock Island County, Illinois]

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

                         =    ‡”immaculsecunda” Gunder, 1928

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 4(3): 102, pl. 2, top row, left (“holotype”), bottom row, left.

Original Combination: Zerene caesonia immaculsecunda form ♀

Type Locality: “Pinery Canyon, Arizona” [Cochise County]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

Neck (1981), J. Lepid. Soc. 35(1): 223-224, determined that this name probably represents a migratory form.

                         =    ‡”stainkeae” (W. D. Field, 1936)

J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 20.

Original Combination: Colias (Zerene) caesonia tr. f. stainkeae

Type Locality: “Donna, Texas” [Hidalgo County]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

                         =    ‡”albida” Vázquez, 1949

An. Instit. Biol., Univ. Nac. Auton. Méx. (Zool.) 19(2): 470-471.

Original Combination: Zerene caesonia f[orma]. albida

Type Locality: “Tierra Blanca, Ver.” [Veracruz, Mexico]

Types: “Holotype” in MGCL.

Bibliography

 

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