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Zerene eurydice (Boisduval, 1855)
(California Dogface)

Pinned Specimens
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Aberrations & Forms
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Baja California (N) to N California

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Zerene Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 97. Type-species: Papilio cesonia Stoll, 1790, Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (3): 176-177, pl. 41, figs. 2, 2b; 182 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 59. Pollock et al. (1998), Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 91(5): 524-531, suggested that Colias and Zerene may be sister taxa.

      =    ‡Megonostoma Reakirt, [1864]

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(3): 356. Type-species: Papilio cesonia Stoll, 1790, Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (3) : 176-177, pl. 41, figs. 2, 2b; 182 (index), by designation of Butler (1870), Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 46. A junior objective synonym of Zerene Hübner, [1819].

 

Zerene eurydice (Boisduval, 1855)

Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (3)3(1): xxxii.

Original Combination: Colias Eurydice

Type Locality: “des montagnes de la Californie”; defined as “vicinity of Alpine Dam, Lagunitas Creek, Marin County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 23.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 23, figs. 156 ♂ D, 157 ♂ V.

            =    lorquini (Boisduval, 1855)

Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (3)3(1): xxxii.

Original Combination: Rhodocera Lorquini

Type Locality: “des montagnes de la Californie”; defined as “vicinity of Alpine Dam, Lagunitas Creek, Marin County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 24.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 24, figs. 156 ♂ D, 157 ♂ V.

            =    wosnesenskii (Ménétriés, 1855)

Enum. corp. anim. (1): 14 (as wosnesenskii); 77-78, no. 253 (as vosnesenskii), pl. 1, fig. 4 ♂ D&V (as vosnesenskii).

Original Combination: Colias Wosnesenskii

Type Locality: “Nouvelle Californie” [California]

Types: Syntype(s) should be in ZIN.

Lamas (2004d), Atl. Neotrop. Lepid. Chcklst. Part 4A: 103, made a first reviser choice of wosnesenskii over vosnesenskii.

            =    helena (Reakirt, [1864])

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(3): 358, no. 2.

Original Combination: Megonostoma Helena

Type Locality: “?Chiapas” probably in error.

Types: Syntype in FMNH.

            =    bernardino (W. H. Edwards, 1887)

Butts. N. Am. 3(1): [71-72], pl. Colias 1, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V (lectotoype), 3 ♀ D.

Original Combination: [Colias Eurydice] Bernardino

Type Locality: “San Bernardino” [San Bernardino County, California]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): 97, fig. 23 ♂ D&V.

It is possible that this name was intended for an infrasubspecific form, but this is not clear from the text.

                   =    ‡”amorphae” (Hy. Edwards, 1877)

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]7(13): 169.

Original Combination: C[olias]. eurydice Var. Amorphae

Type Locality: “Mendocino County” [California]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                   =    ‡”fanniae” Gunder, 1924

Entomol. News 35(5): 158, pl. 2, fig. K ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Zerene eurydice ab. ♂ fanniae

Type Locality: “San Bernardino Mts., San Bernardino Co., California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 12, fig. 8 ♂ D.

                   =    ‡”newcombi” Gunder, 1925

Entomol. News 36(1): 4, no. 7, pl. 1, fig. R ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Zerene eurydice ab. ♂ newcombi

Type Locality: “San Bernardino Mountains, San Bernardino County, California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 12, fig. 10 ♂ D.

                   =    ‡”masumbrosus” Gunder, 1928

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 4(3): 100-101, pl. 1, figs. 1-6 ♀ D; fig. 3 (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Zerene eurydice masumbrosus form ♀

Type Locality: “California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

                   =    ”lineainita” Gunder, 1928

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 4(3): 101-102, pl. 1, top row, fifth (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Zerene eurydice lineainita form ♂

Type Locality: “San Bernardino mountains, California” [San Bernardino and Riverside counties]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

                   =    ‡”doudoroffi” Gunder, 1932

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 8(3): 125.

Original Combination: Zerene eurydice tr. f. doudoroffi

Type Locality: “Lake Alpine, Fairfax, Marin County, California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

                   =    ‡”nigrocapitata” Riddell, 1941

Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 91(9): 452 pl. 1, fig. 4 ♀ D (“holotype”).

Original combination: Zerene eurydice ab. nigrocapitata

Type Locality: “California: Mill Creek Canyon, San Bernardino Mountains...5000 feet” [San Bernardino County]

Types: “Holotype” in CAS.

                   =    ‡”marginata” Riddell, 1941

Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 91(9): 453, pl. 1, fig. 6 ♀ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Zerene eurydice form marginata

Type Locality: “California: San Bernardino Mountains, 5000 feet above sea level” [San Bernardino and Riverside counties]

Types: “Holotype” in CAS.

                   =    ‡”flavolineata” Riddell, 1941

Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 91(9): 454, pl. 2, fig. 1 ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Zerene eurydice ab. flavolineata

Type Locality: “California: San Bernardino Mountains, 5000 feet above sea level” [San Bernardino and Riverside counties]

Types: “Holotype” in CAS.

                   =    ‡”rubrosuffusa” Riddell 1941

Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 91(9): 452, pl. 2, figs. 8 ♂ V (“holotype”), 9 ♂ D, pl. 3, fig. 7 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Zerene eurydice form rubrosuffusa

Type Locality: “California: San Bernardino Mountains, 5000 feet above sea level” [San Bernardino and Riverside counties]

Types: “Holotype” in CAS.

‡”alba” (Scott, 1986)

Butts. N. Am.: 202, no. 45.

Original Combination: [Colias eurydice] form alba

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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